Difference between revisions of "Third person -s"

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The verb [[have]] has a small pronunciation and spelling change - when third person -s is added, /v/ or -ve- is removed, so we say "it has" not *"it haves".  
 
The verb [[have]] has a small pronunciation and spelling change - when third person -s is added, /v/ or -ve- is removed, so we say "it has" not *"it haves".  
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== Pronunciation ==
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Third person -s is pronounced in three different ways depending on the final sound of the verb.  The three pronunciations are /s/, /z/ and /ɪz/.  The form is generally identical to that of [[plural -s]] and [[possessive 's]]:
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== Appropriacy ==
 
== Appropriacy ==
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== Pedagogy ==
 
== Pedagogy ==
  
Although it is a relatively straightforward rule, there is often significant delay between students first encountering it and their being able to reliably produce it.
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Although it is a relatively straightforward rule, there is often significant delay between students first encountering it and their being able to reliably produce it.  There is a danger that it becomes a [[fossilised error]].
  
  
 
[[category:suffixes|-s, third person]]
 
[[category:suffixes|-s, third person]]
 
[[category:index]]
 
[[category:index]]

Revision as of 12:45, 10 October 2020

The third person -s is an English suffix.

Form

Verbs are conjugated by adding "-s" (with some minor pronunciation and spelling differences) in the indicative present simple third person singular - with some exceptions:

The changes with the verb be are rather complicated. The present tense indicative third person singular form is "is" ("he is", "she is" "it is" "one is"), containing this suffix. Most other forms are "are" (second person singular and plural "you are", first person plural "we are", third person plural "they are"). In the indicative past tense, this suffix alters "was" to "were" but only for the first person singular ("I was") and third person singular ("he was", "she was", "it was", "one was").

The verb have has a small pronunciation and spelling change - when third person -s is added, /v/ or -ve- is removed, so we say "it has" not *"it haves".

Pronunciation

Third person -s is pronounced in three different ways depending on the final sound of the verb. The three pronunciations are /s/, /z/ and /ɪz/. The form is generally identical to that of plural -s and possessive 's:


Appropriacy

Although present in standard English, it is not found in some non-standard varieties.

Pedagogy

Although it is a relatively straightforward rule, there is often significant delay between students first encountering it and their being able to reliably produce it. There is a danger that it becomes a fossilised error.