So-called “short i”
The so-called “short i” sound is an informal term that means the short sound of the letter i which is IPA phoneme /ɪ/.
- Examples: kit, limit, or thing
The term “short i” should only be used when the spelling is actually “i”. It's confusing to say "myth is pronounced with short i". If this sentence had to be spoken it would be better to say "myth is pronounced with the KIT vowel". Alternatively it could be said "myth is pronounced like the short sound of the letter i".
Another reason why the terms “long i” and “short i” are not recommended is because the opposition between /ɪ/ and /aɪ/ (“long i”) is not only a difference in length, but mainly a difference in quality.
- bit - chips - fish - fit - hip - hit - kill - kiss - link - lip - liquid - quick - sing - sit - thick - thin - thing - think - this - win - with
- Decoding the letter I
- Decoding and spelling exercises: /ɪ/ vs /aɪ/
- So-called “short” and “long” vowels
|“Short”||“Long”||Long rhotic monophthong
“Short” vowel spelling
“Long” vowel spelling
|A||/æ/ trap||/eɪ/ face||/ɑː/ start||/eə/ square||/æ/ carry|
|E||/e/ dress||/iː/ we||/ɜː/ term||/ɪə/ here||/e/ cherry|
|I||/ɪ/ kit||/aɪ/ price||/ɜː/ girl||/aɪə/ fire||/ɪ/ mirror|
|O||/ɒ/ lot||/əʊ/ hope||/ɔː/ north||/ɔː/ store||/ɒ,BrE ɔːAmE/ torrid|
|U||/ʌ/ strut||/juː/ cute||/ɜː/ nurse||/jʊə/ cure||/ʌ,BrE ɜːAmE/ hurry|