They can be brought in by the teacher or the students themselves, and can include things like clothes, toys, timetables, newspapers, application forms, coins, recipes, etc. Or they can just be classroom objects; a pen, a phone, etc.
Realia can be used in a variety of exercises and activities, including the following:
- prepositions of place and prepositions of movement
- making comparisons
- discussing plans
- role play
- describing objects (e.g. in tango seating)
- It's the Latin plural of realis