Difference between revisions of "Perfect"

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'''Perfect''' is the name given to those forms of the verb constructed with HAVE and the [[Past participle]] ([[Third form]]) of the verb. These forms are often known as [[tense]]s, though many modern writers prefer to consider them as [[aspect]]s; The four perfect aspect forms, with examples,  are:
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'''Perfect''' is the name given to those forms of the verb constructed with HAVE and the [[past participle]] ([[Third form]]) of the verb. These forms are often known as [[tense]]s, though many modern writers prefer to consider them as [[aspect]]s; The four perfect aspect forms, with examples,  are:
  
 
1. The '''[[Present Perfect]]''': ''I have worked, you have gone''
 
1. The '''[[Present Perfect]]''': ''I have worked, you have gone''
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Some writers call #1 the ''Present Perfect Simple'' and #3 the ''Past Perfect Simple'', but most prefer to use the word 'Simple' only for tenses that are both non-progressive and non-perfect, i.e the [[Present Simple]] and [[Past Simple]].
 
Some writers call #1 the ''Present Perfect Simple'' and #3 the ''Past Perfect Simple'', but most prefer to use the word 'Simple' only for tenses that are both non-progressive and non-perfect, i.e the [[Present Simple]] and [[Past Simple]].
  
The perfect tenses in English are used to relate two time points or periods: (1) the time at which the situation denoted occurred or began, and (2) a later time point or period. It has been suggested <ref>Lewis, Michael (1985) ''The English Verb'', Hove: LTP</ref> that 'Retrospective' would be a more appropriate name for these forms
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The perfect tenses in English are used to relate two time points or periods: (1) the time at which the situation denoted occurred or began, and (2) a later time point or period. It has been suggested <ref>[[Michael Lewis|Lewis, Michael]] (1985) ''[[The English Verb]]'', Hove: LTP</ref> that 'Retrospective' would be a more appropriate name for these forms.
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==References==
 
==References==
 
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<references/>
Lewis, Michael (1985) ''The English Verb'', Hove: LTP
 
  
  

Revision as of 17:59, 28 April 2011

Perfect is the name given to those forms of the verb constructed with HAVE and the past participle (Third form) of the verb. These forms are often known as tenses, though many modern writers prefer to consider them as aspects; The four perfect aspect forms, with examples, are:

1. The Present Perfect: I have worked, you have gone

2. The Present Perfect Progressive (or: Present Perfect Continuous): he has been working, they have been living

3. The Past Perfect: we had worked, I had spoken

4. The Past Perfect Progressive (or: Past Perfect Continuous): I had been working , He had been living.

Some writers call #1 the Present Perfect Simple and #3 the Past Perfect Simple, but most prefer to use the word 'Simple' only for tenses that are both non-progressive and non-perfect, i.e the Present Simple and Past Simple.

The perfect tenses in English are used to relate two time points or periods: (1) the time at which the situation denoted occurred or began, and (2) a later time point or period. It has been suggested [1] that 'Retrospective' would be a more appropriate name for these forms.

References

  1. Lewis, Michael (1985) The English Verb, Hove: LTP


External links

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