Difference between revisions of "Masculine"

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In [[English]], a masculine noun always belongs to the [[personal gender]], never the [[impersonal gender]], and within the personal gender contrasts with the [[feminine]] gender.  Most people who are referred to using masculine nouns are biologically male, though many are not.  Masculine nouns are also often used to refer to male animals.  The masculine [[pronoun]]s in English are "he", "him", "his", and "himself", and all these [[singular]], there are no [[plural]] equivalents.   
 
In [[English]], a masculine noun always belongs to the [[personal gender]], never the [[impersonal gender]], and within the personal gender contrasts with the [[feminine]] gender.  Most people who are referred to using masculine nouns are biologically male, though many are not.  Masculine nouns are also often used to refer to male animals.  The masculine [[pronoun]]s in English are "he", "him", "his", and "himself", and all these [[singular]], there are no [[plural]] equivalents.   
  
Examples include personal names (e.g. "Andrew", "Brian", and "Dave"), gendered job titles (e.g. "policeman", "salesman" etc) and certain family-related nouns (e.g. boy, man, father, son, brother, uncle, fiancé, etc). Additionally, some words exclusively refer to male animals and are masculine, e.g. "bull", "ram", etc.
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== Examples of masculine nouns in English ==
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{|class="wikitable"
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! Type !! Examples
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|-
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| Personal names ||Andrew, Dave, James, etc, etc, etc
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|-
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| Nouns for describing people || boy, gentleman, man
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|-
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| Family-related nouns || bachelor, brother, father, fiancé, nephew, son, uncle, widow
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|-
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| Descriptions of nationality, ethnicity, etc || Dutchman, Englishman, Filipino, Frenchman, Irishman, Latino, Manxman, Scotsman, Welshman, Yorkshireman
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|-
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| Gendered job titles || <!-- NB: actor is common--> waiter, compounds with -man (e.g. policeman, salesman, etc)
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|-
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| Aristocratic ranks || baron, count, duke, earl, emperor, king, knight, marquess, prince, viscount
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|-
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| Male animals || bull, ram, etc.
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|}
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[[Gender-neutral language]], which uses the [[common gender]] to cover both masculine, [[feminine]] and non-binary is preferred by many especially in formal [[register]]s of [[contemporary English]].  This is less common however in [[historical English]].
 
[[Gender-neutral language]], which uses the [[common gender]] to cover both masculine, [[feminine]] and non-binary is preferred by many especially in formal [[register]]s of [[contemporary English]].  This is less common however in [[historical English]].
  
 
Unlike many other languages, English does not have gender [[concord]] whereby other related words must agree with the gender of the noun.
 
Unlike many other languages, English does not have gender [[concord]] whereby other related words must agree with the gender of the noun.

Revision as of 13:16, 12 July 2019

Masculine (/mæskju:lɪn/) is a grammatical gender and noun class.

In English, a masculine noun always belongs to the personal gender, never the impersonal gender, and within the personal gender contrasts with the feminine gender. Most people who are referred to using masculine nouns are biologically male, though many are not. Masculine nouns are also often used to refer to male animals. The masculine pronouns in English are "he", "him", "his", and "himself", and all these singular, there are no plural equivalents.

Examples of masculine nouns in English

Type Examples
Personal names Andrew, Dave, James, etc, etc, etc
Nouns for describing people boy, gentleman, man
Family-related nouns bachelor, brother, father, fiancé, nephew, son, uncle, widow
Descriptions of nationality, ethnicity, etc Dutchman, Englishman, Filipino, Frenchman, Irishman, Latino, Manxman, Scotsman, Welshman, Yorkshireman
Gendered job titles waiter, compounds with -man (e.g. policeman, salesman, etc)
Aristocratic ranks baron, count, duke, earl, emperor, king, knight, marquess, prince, viscount
Male animals bull, ram, etc.


Gender-neutral language, which uses the common gender to cover both masculine, feminine and non-binary is preferred by many especially in formal registers of contemporary English. This is less common however in historical English.

Unlike many other languages, English does not have gender concord whereby other related words must agree with the gender of the noun.