Difference between revisions of "Lesson:Future forms"

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{{editlesson | [[User:Dirk]]}}
 
{{editlesson | [[User:Dirk]]}}
This is a lesson used to teach the differences in meaning of the different [[The future in English|future forms]]. I think it is intermediate or upper-intermediate level.
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This is a lesson used to teach the differences in meaning of the different [[The future in English|future forms]]. I think it is [[intermediate]] or upper-intermediate level.
 
Some books make a distinction between a plan and a prediction when talking about the future. This lesson however was used in Russia, where that distinction isn't made in the [[native language]].
 
Some books make a distinction between a plan and a prediction when talking about the future. This lesson however was used in Russia, where that distinction isn't made in the [[native language]].
  
 
==Introduction==
 
==Introduction==
  
''Teacher introduces the subject matter. Tries to get a discussion going and writes the difficult words on the board.''
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''[[Teacher]] introduces the subject matter. Tries to get a discussion going and writes the difficult words on the board.''
  
 
==Text==
 
==Text==

Revision as of 08:43, 4 May 2011

This is a free lesson which has been donated to Teflpedia by User:Dirk. You are welcome to download and use all or part of it in class. If you feel that parts of the lesson could be improved please edit it, or raise your points on the discussion page.

This is a lesson used to teach the differences in meaning of the different future forms. I think it is intermediate or upper-intermediate level. Some books make a distinction between a plan and a prediction when talking about the future. This lesson however was used in Russia, where that distinction isn't made in the native language.

Introduction

Teacher introduces the subject matter. Tries to get a discussion going and writes the difficult words on the board.

Text

Here I present a standard text with various future forms. This is where copyright is being a nasty issue again. Usually I take a newspaper article about some technical novelty. Try to get an interview or a text with a lot of quotes, that will definitely have all the different forms. Suggestions for a text are welcome here. I'll provide a text somewhere in the coming weeks.

The text should have a gist question for initial reading and more thorough questions for second reading.

Grammar focus

Teacher presents the following text. Students fill in the blanks.

Complete these rules using the text

In the English language, there is no real future tense. There are several ways to talk about the future. We use will, going to, the present perfect and sometimes even the present simple to talk about the future.

We use ...................... for something in the future we have evidence for. We also use it if it is based on a commitment that was made earlier.

We use ...................... for something in the future we do not have evidence for or something we decide in the moment.

We use .......................... for a fixed appointment with somebody. This form is usually followed by a future time clause, i.e. 'next week', 'in a few months'.

Watch out! In clauses with "when" and "if", we use ........................ to talk about the future.

Sometimes we use the verb shall in stead of will, but it sounds very official and a bit old-fashioned.

Grammar focus answers

Here the teacher collects the answers open class.

Complete these rules using the text

In the English language, there is no real future tense. There are several ways to talk about the future. We use will, going to, the present perfect and sometimes even the present simple to talk about the future.

We use "going to" for something in the future we have evidence for. We also use it if it is based on a commitment that was made earlier.

We use "will" for something in the future we do not have evidence for or something we decide in the moment.

We use present continuous for a fixed appointment with somebody. This form is usually followed by a future time clause, i.e. 'next week', 'in a few months'.

Watch out! In clauses with "when" and "if", we use present simple to talk about the future.

Sometimes we use the verb shall in stead of will, but it sounds very official and a bit old-fashioned.

Extra

This is the moment when usually I ask my students for key words indicating specific future forms, like "probably will" and "definitely going to". Ideally these are in the text I used to introduce this lesson.

First exercise

Ex 1. Complete the dialogue. Use the words between brackets. Put the verbs in the correct future form.

O. Robert says he............................ (study in Ecuador) next year.

X. Oh yes, well that ...................................(definitely happen), NOT!

O. Why are you saying that? Don't you think he .............................. (succeed)?

X. Robert is a drunk. He hasn't been able to get anything done in the past years. This plan.............................. (fail), again. Mark my words.

O. Well, I think you shouldn't be so negative about him. He sounded really serious about it. I think he ........................ (manage).

X. Well, I don't. But tell him I wish him well when you ......................(meet) him. My cynicism .......................... (only discourage him). And I want him to finally get off his arse.

O. Ok, I ........................... (tell) him you wish him well. In fact, I ....................................(meet) him tonight.

X. In the students' bar, I presume?

O. Ehm, yes. How did you know?

Second exercise

Students write five sentences using the different future forms.

Homework

See also


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