IPA phonetic symbol 〚m̩〛

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Underdot

rhythm [ˈrɪðṃ]

Strict IPA

rhythm [ˈrɪðm̩]

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/

The IPA phonetic symbol [m̩][1] (lowercase "m" with a small vertical line below) represents syllabic /m/, a syllable with no vowel, as in "rhythm" [ˈrɪðm̩] or "system" [ˈsɪstm̩]. In a broad notation [m̩] is /əm/ and most dictionaries prefer that notation: /ˈrɪðəm, ˈsɪstəm/.

Sometimes an underdot is used instead of a vertical line: ṃ.

[əm] vs [əm]

Below we can see the pronunciation of /əm/ depending on the previous consonant according to the Cambridge Dictionaries Online (Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary, aka British English section, CALD).[2] Most other dictionaries always use /əm/.

Consonant Example CALD
/θ/ rhythm [ˈrɪð.əm]
/b/ album [ˈæl.bəm]
/t/ system [ˈsɪs.təm]
/d/ tandem [ˈtæn.dəm]
/k/ modicum [ˈmɒd.ɪ.kəm]
/g/ amalgam [əˈmæl.ɡəm]
/l/ problem [ˈprɒb.ləm]
/n/ venom [ˈvenəm]
Temporary table
/f/ rifle, beautiful [ˈraɪfl], [ˈbjuːtɪfl] [ˈraɪfəl], [ˈbjuːtɪfʊl] [ˈraɪfəl], [ˈbjuːtɪfəl]
/v/ travel [ˈtrævl] [ˈtrævəl] [ˈtrævəl]
/s/ reversal [rɪˈvɜːsl, rɪˈvɜːrsl] [rɪˈvɜːsəl] [rɪˈvɚsəl]
/z/ nasal [ˈneɪzl] [ˈneɪzəl] [ˈneɪzəl]
/ʃ/ bushel, social [ˈbʊʃl], [ˈsəʊʃl, ˈsoʊʃl] [ˈbʊʃəl], [ˈsəʊʃəl] [ˈbʊʃəl], [ˈsoʊʃəl]
/dʒ/ angel [ˈeɪndʒl] [ˈeɪndʒəl] [ˈeɪnʤəl]
/tʃ satchel, Rachel [ˈsætʃəl], N/A [ˈsætʃəl], [ˈreɪtʃəl] [ˈsætʃəl], N/A
/r/ moral [ˈmɒrəl, ˈmɔːrəl, ˈmɑːrəl] [ˈmɒrəl] [ˈmorəl]
/j/ filial [ˈfɪliːəl, ˈfɪlɪəl] [ˈfɪljəl] [ˈfɪlijəl]
/w/ equal [ˈiːkwəl] [ˈiːkwəl] [ˈiːkwəl]

Unicode and HTML

Vertical line m̩

Unicode: U+0329 Combining vertical line below

HTML: m̩ m̩

Dot below ṃ

Unicode: U+1E43 Latin small letter M with dot below

HTML: ṃ ṃ

See also

Notes

  1. For technical reasons double brackets appear on the page title.
  2. Cambridge Dictionaries Online, Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary.