IPA phonetic symbol 〚m̩〛

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Revision as of 19:49, 14 August 2014 by Ghoti (talk | contribs) (Strict IPA)

Strict IPA

rhythm [ˈrɪðm̩]


rhythm [ˈrɪðṃ]

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/

The IPA phonetic symbol [ṃ][1] (lowercase "m" with an underdot) represents syllabic /m/, a syllable with no vowel, as in "rhythm" [ˈrɪðṃ] or "system" [ˈsɪstṃ]. In a broad notation [ṃ] is /əm/ and most dictionaries prefer that notation: /ˈrɪðəm, ˈsɪstəm/. Some dictionaries write a small schwa before /l/ or /n/, and by analogy the following notation could be used: /ˈrɪðəm, ˈsɪstəm/.

In strict IPA a small vertical line is used as in m̩.

See also


  1. For technical reasons double brackets appear on the page title.