Difference between revisions of "IPA phonetic symbol 〚m̩〛"

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([əm] vs [əm]: bottom)
m (Unicode and HTML)
 
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{{IPA symbol||IPA phonetic symbol 〚m̩〛|rhythm [ˈrɪðṃ]|Underdot}}
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{{IPA symbol|<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m|IPA phonetic symbol 〚m&#809;〛|rhythm [ˈrɪð<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m]}}
{{IPA symbol|m&#809;|IPA phonetic symbol 〚m&#809;〛|rhythm [ˈrɪðm&#809;]|Strict IPA}}
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{{IPA symbol|m&#809;|IPA phonetic symbol 〚m&#809;〛|rhythm [ˈrɪðm&#809;]}}
 
{{IPA}}
 
{{IPA}}
The IPA phonetic symbol [m&#809;]<ref>For technical reasons double brackets appear on the page title.</ref> (lowercase "m" with a small vertical line below) represents syllabic /m/, a syllable with no vowel, as in "rhythm" [ˈrɪðm&#809;] or "system" [ˈsɪstm&#809;]. In a broad notation [m&#809;] is /əm/ and most dictionaries prefer that notation: {{nw|/ˈrɪðəm,}} ˈsɪstəm/.
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The IPA phonetic symbol [m&#809;]<ref>For technical reasons double brackets appear on the page title.</ref> (lowercase "m" with a small vertical line below) represents syllabic /m/, a syllable with no vowel ([[syllabic consonant]]), as in "rhythm" [ˈrɪðm&#809;] or "system" [ˈsɪstm&#809;]. In a broad notation [m&#809;] is /əm/ and most dictionaries prefer that notation: {{nw|/ˈrɪðəm,}} ˈsɪstəm/.
 +
 
 +
==Common words==
 +
*bottom, freedom, item, maximum, mechanism, minimum, problem, symptom, system
  
Sometimes an underdot is used instead of a vertical line: ṃ.
 
 
==[<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m] vs [əm]==
 
==[<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m] vs [əm]==
 
Below we can see the pronunciation of /əm/ depending on the previous consonant according to the [[Cambridge Dictionaries Online]] (Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary, aka British English section, CALD).<ref>Cambridge Dictionaries Online, [http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/british/ Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary].</ref>  
 
Below we can see the pronunciation of /əm/ depending on the previous consonant according to the [[Cambridge Dictionaries Online]] (Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary, aka British English section, CALD).<ref>Cambridge Dictionaries Online, [http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/british/ Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary].</ref>  
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<!-- 100% small -->
 
<!-- 100% small -->
 
|-
 
|-
|/θ/||rhythm||[ˈrɪð.<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m]||[ˈrɪð.<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m]
+
|/ð/||rhythm||/ˈrɪð.<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m/||/ˈrɪð.<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m/
<!-- 25% small -->
 
 
|-
 
|-
|/t/||bottom, system||[ˈbɒt.<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m], [ˈsɪs.təm]||[ˈbɑː.t̬əm], [ˈsɪs.təm]
+
|/z/||mechanism||/ˈmek.ə.nɪ.z<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m/||/ˈmek.ə..z<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m/
<!-- 100% əm -->
 
 
|-
 
|-
|/b/||album||[ˈæl.bəm]||[ˈæl.bəm]
+
|/ʃ/||nasturtium||/nəˈstɜː.ʃ<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m//||/nəˈstɝː.ʃ<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m/
 +
<!-- 50% small -->
 
|-
 
|-
|/d/||tandem||[ˈtæn.dəm]||[ˈtæn.dəm]
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|/r/||marjoram||/ˈmɑː.dʒər.<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m/||/ˈmɑːr.dʒɚ.əm/
 
|-
 
|-
|/k/||modicum||[ˈmɒd.ɪ.kəm]||[ˈmɑː..kəm]
+
|/s/||awesome, wholesome||/ˈɔː.səm, ˈhəʊl.s<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m/||/ˈɑː.səm, ˈhoʊl.s<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m/
 +
<!-- 25% small -->
 
|-
 
|-
|/g/||amalgam||[əˈmæl.ɡəm]||[əˈmæl.ɡəm]
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|/t/||bottom, system||/ˈbɒt.<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m, ˈsɪs.təm/||/ˈbɑː.t̬əm, ˈsɪs.təm/
|-
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<!-- 100% əm -->
|/l/||problem||[ˈprɒb.ləm]||[ˈprɑː.bləm]
 
|-
 
|/n/||venom||[ˈvenəm]||[ˈvenəm]
 
|-
 
|}
 
 
 
{|class=prettytable
 
!Temporary table
 
 
|-
 
|-
|/f/||rifle, beautiful||[ˈraɪfl], [ˈbjuːtɪfl]||[ˈraɪf<sup>ə</sup>l], [ˈbjuːtɪfʊl]||[ˈraɪfəl], [ˈbjuːtɪfəl]
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|/b/||album||/ˈæl.bəm/||/ˈæl.bəm/
 
|-
 
|-
|/v/||travel||[ˈtrævl]||[ˈtræv<sup>ə</sup>l]||[ˈtrævəl]
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|/d/||freedom||/ˈfriː.dəm/||/ˈfriː.dəm/
 
|-
 
|-
|/s/||reversal||[rɪˈvɜːsl, rɪˈvɜːrsl]||[rɪˈvɜːs<sup>ə</sup>l]||[rɪˈvɚsəl]
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|//||stratagem||/ˈstræt.ə.dʒəm/||/ˈstræt̬.ə.dʒəm/
 
|-
 
|-
|/z/||nasal||[ˈneɪzl]||[ˈneɪz<sup>ə</sup>l]||[ˈneɪzəl]
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|/g/||amalgam||/əˈmæl.ɡəm/||/əˈmæl.ɡəm/
 
|-
 
|-
<!-- 1: l / əl / əl -->
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|/k/||modicum||/ˈmɒd.ɪ.kəm/||/ˈmɑː.dɪ.kəm/
|/ʃ/||bushel, social||[ˈbʊʃl], [ˈsəʊʃl, ˈsoʊʃl]||[ˈbʊʃəl], [ˈsəʊʃəl]||[ˈbʊʃəl], [ˈsoʊʃəl]
 
 
|-
 
|-
|//||angel||[ˈeɪndʒl]||[ˈeɪndʒəl]||[ˈeɪnʤəl]
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|/l/||problem||/ˈprɒb.ləm/||/ˈprɑː.bləm/
 
|-
 
|-
<!-- 0: əl / əl / əl -->
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|/m/||minimum||/ˈmɪn.ɪ.məm/||/ˈmɪn.ɪ.məm/
|/||satchel, Rachel||[ˈsætʃəl], N/A||[ˈsætʃəl], [ˈreɪtʃəl]||[ˈsætʃəl], N/A
 
 
|-
 
|-
|/r/||moral||[ˈmɒrəl, ˈmɔːrəl, ˈmɑːrəl]||[ˈmɒrəl]||[ˈmorəl]
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|/n/||venom||/ˈvenəm/||/ˈvenəm/
 
|-
 
|-
|/j/||filial||[ˈfɪliːəl, ˈfɪlɪəl]||[ˈfɪljəl]||[ˈfɪlijəl]
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|/θ/||anthem||/ˈæn.θəm/||/ˈæn.θəm/
 
|-
 
|-
|/w/||equal||[ˈiːkwəl]||[ˈiːkwəl]||[ˈiːkwəl]
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|/v/||ovum||/ˈəʊ.vəm/||/ˈoʊ.vəm/
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
==Unicode and HTML==
 
==Unicode and HTML==
;Vertical line m&#809;
 
 
Unicode: U+0329 Combining vertical line below
 
Unicode: U+0329 Combining vertical line below
  
HTML: m&amp;#809; m&amp;#x329;
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HTML:
 +
:Hexadecimal: m&amp;#x329;
 +
:Decimal: m&amp;#809;
  
;Dot below &#x1e43;
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==Notes and references==
Unicode: U+1E43 Latin small letter M with dot below
+
<references/>
  
HTML: &amp;#7747; &amp;#x1e43;
 
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
*[[IPA phonetic symbol 〚l&#809;〛|IPA phonetic symbol <nowiki>[l&#809;]</nowiki>]]
 
*[[IPA phonetic symbol 〚l&#809;〛|IPA phonetic symbol <nowiki>[l&#809;]</nowiki>]]
 
*[[IPA phonetic symbol 〚n&#809;〛|IPA phonetic symbol <nowiki>[n&#809;]</nowiki>]]
 
*[[IPA phonetic symbol 〚n&#809;〛|IPA phonetic symbol <nowiki>[n&#809;]</nowiki>]]
 +
*[[IPA phonetic symbol 〚ɹ&#809;〛|IPA phonetic symbol <nowiki>[ɹ&#809;]</nowiki>]]
 
*[[IPA phoneme /ə/]]
 
*[[IPA phoneme /ə/]]
 
+
*[[Varisyllabic words]]
==Notes==
 
<references/>
 
  
 
[[Category:IPA phonetic symbols|IPA phonetic symbol 〚m~〛]]
 
[[Category:IPA phonetic symbols|IPA phonetic symbol 〚m~〛]]

Latest revision as of 13:00, 19 December 2018

əm

rhythm [ˈrɪðəm]

rhythm [ˈrɪðm̩]

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/

The IPA phonetic symbol [m̩][1] (lowercase "m" with a small vertical line below) represents syllabic /m/, a syllable with no vowel (syllabic consonant), as in "rhythm" [ˈrɪðm̩] or "system" [ˈsɪstm̩]. In a broad notation [m̩] is /əm/ and most dictionaries prefer that notation: /ˈrɪðəm, ˈsɪstəm/.

Common words[edit]

  • bottom, freedom, item, maximum, mechanism, minimum, problem, symptom, system

[əm] vs [əm][edit]

Below we can see the pronunciation of /əm/ depending on the previous consonant according to the Cambridge Dictionaries Online (Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary, aka British English section, CALD).[2] Most other dictionaries always use /əm/.

Consonant Example CALD UK CALD US
/ð/ rhythm /ˈrɪð.əm/ /ˈrɪð.əm/
/z/ mechanism /ˈmek.ə.nɪ.zəm/ /ˈmek.ə.nɪ.zəm/
/ʃ/ nasturtium /nəˈstɜː.ʃəm// /nəˈstɝː.ʃəm/
/r/ marjoram /ˈmɑː.dʒər.əm/ /ˈmɑːr.dʒɚ.əm/
/s/ awesome, wholesome /ˈɔː.səm, ˈhəʊl.səm/ /ˈɑː.səm, ˈhoʊl.səm/
/t/ bottom, system /ˈbɒt.əm, ˈsɪs.təm/ /ˈbɑː.t̬əm, ˈsɪs.təm/
/b/ album /ˈæl.bəm/ /ˈæl.bəm/
/d/ freedom /ˈfriː.dəm/ /ˈfriː.dəm/
/dʒ/ stratagem /ˈstræt.ə.dʒəm/ /ˈstræt̬.ə.dʒəm/
/g/ amalgam /əˈmæl.ɡəm/ /əˈmæl.ɡəm/
/k/ modicum /ˈmɒd.ɪ.kəm/ /ˈmɑː.dɪ.kəm/
/l/ problem /ˈprɒb.ləm/ /ˈprɑː.bləm/
/m/ minimum /ˈmɪn.ɪ.məm/ /ˈmɪn.ɪ.məm/
/n/ venom /ˈvenəm/ /ˈvenəm/
/θ/ anthem /ˈæn.θəm/ /ˈæn.θəm/
/v/ ovum /ˈəʊ.vəm/ /ˈoʊ.vəm/

Unicode and HTML[edit]

Unicode: U+0329 Combining vertical line below

HTML:

Hexadecimal: m&#x329;
Decimal: m&#809;

Notes and references[edit]

  1. For technical reasons double brackets appear on the page title.
  2. Cambridge Dictionaries Online, Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary.

See also[edit]