Difference between revisions of "IPA phonetic symbol 〚m̩〛"

From Teflpedia
(Deleting speculation)
([<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m] vs [əm])
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Sometimes an underdot is used instead of a vertical line: ṃ.
 
Sometimes an underdot is used instead of a vertical line: ṃ.
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==[<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m] vs [əm]==
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Below we can see the pronunciation of /əm/ depending on the previous consonant according to the [[Cambridge Dictionaries Online]] (Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary, aka British English section, CALD).<ref>Cambridge Dictionaries Online, [http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/british/ Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary].</ref>
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Most other dictionaries always use /əm/.
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{|class=prettytable
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!Consonant!!Example!!CALD
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|-
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<!-- <sup><small>ə</small></sup>m -->
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|/θ/||rhythm||[ˈrɪð.<sup><small>ə</small></sup>m]
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|-
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<!-- əm -->
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|/m/||system||[ˈsɪs.təm]
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|-
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|}
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{|class=prettytable
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!Temporary table
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|-
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|/d/||middle||[ˈmɪdl]||[ˈmɪd<sup>ə</sup>l]||[ˈmɪdl̟]
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|-
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|/n/||final||[ˈfaɪnl]||[ˈfaɪn<sup>ə</sup>l]||[ˈfaɪnl̟]
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|-
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<!-- 2: l / <sup>ə</sup>l / əl -->
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|/p/||people||[ˈpiːpl]||[ˈpiːp<sup>ə</sup>l]||[ˈpiːpəl]
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|-
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|/b/||bubble||[ˈbʌbl]||[ˈbʌb<sup>ə</sup>l]||[ˈbʌbəl]
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|-
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|/k/||cycle, difficult||[ˈsaɪkl], [ˈdɪfɪkəlt ]||[ˈsaɪk<sup>ə</sup>l], [ˈdɪfɪk<sup>ə</sup>lt]||[ˈsaɪkəl], [ˈdɪfɪkəlt]
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|-
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|/g/||legal||[ˈliːɡl]||[ˈliːɡ<sup>ə</sup>l]||[ˈliːgəl]
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|-
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|/f/||rifle, beautiful||[ˈraɪfl], [ˈbjuːtɪfl]||[ˈraɪf<sup>ə</sup>l], [ˈbjuːtɪfʊl]||[ˈraɪfəl], [ˈbjuːtɪfəl]
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|-
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|/v/||travel||[ˈtrævl]||[ˈtræv<sup>ə</sup>l]||[ˈtrævəl]
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|-
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|/s/||reversal||[rɪˈvɜːsl, rɪˈvɜːrsl]||[rɪˈvɜːs<sup>ə</sup>l]||[rɪˈvɚsəl]
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|-
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|/z/||nasal||[ˈneɪzl]||[ˈneɪz<sup>ə</sup>l]||[ˈneɪzəl]
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|-
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|/m/||animal, normal||[ˈænɪml], [ˈnɔːml, ˈnɔːrml]||[ˈænɪməl], [ˈnɔːm<sup>ə</sup>l]||[ˈænəməl], [ˈnoɚməl]
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|-
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<!-- 1: l / əl / əl -->
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|/ʃ/||bushel, social||[ˈbʊʃl], [ˈsəʊʃl, ˈsoʊʃl]||[ˈbʊʃəl], [ˈsəʊʃəl]||[ˈbʊʃəl], [ˈsoʊʃəl]
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|-
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|/dʒ/||angel||[ˈeɪndʒl]||[ˈeɪndʒəl]||[ˈeɪnʤəl]
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|-
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<!-- 0: əl / əl / əl -->
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|/tʃ||satchel, Rachel||[ˈsætʃəl], N/A||[ˈsætʃəl], [ˈreɪtʃəl]||[ˈsætʃəl], N/A
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|-
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|/r/||moral||[ˈmɒrəl, ˈmɔːrəl, ˈmɑːrəl]||[ˈmɒrəl]||[ˈmorəl]
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|-
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|/j/||filial||[ˈfɪliːəl, ˈfɪlɪəl]||[ˈfɪljəl]||[ˈfɪlijəl]
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|-
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|/w/||equal||[ˈiːkwəl]||[ˈiːkwəl]||[ˈiːkwəl]
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|-
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|}
 
==Unicode and HTML==
 
==Unicode and HTML==
 
;Vertical line m&#809;
 
;Vertical line m&#809;

Revision as of 17:15, 26 June 2015

Underdot

rhythm [ˈrɪðṃ]

Strict IPA

rhythm [ˈrɪðm̩]

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/

The IPA phonetic symbol [m̩][1] (lowercase "m" with a small vertical line below) represents syllabic /m/, a syllable with no vowel, as in "rhythm" [ˈrɪðm̩] or "system" [ˈsɪstm̩]. In a broad notation [m̩] is /əm/ and most dictionaries prefer that notation: /ˈrɪðəm, ˈsɪstəm/.

Sometimes an underdot is used instead of a vertical line: ṃ.

[əm] vs [əm]

Below we can see the pronunciation of /əm/ depending on the previous consonant according to the Cambridge Dictionaries Online (Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary, aka British English section, CALD).[2] Most other dictionaries always use /əm/.

Consonant Example CALD
/θ/ rhythm [ˈrɪð.əm]
/m/ system [ˈsɪs.təm]
Temporary table
/d/ middle [ˈmɪdl] [ˈmɪdəl] [ˈmɪdl̟]
/n/ final [ˈfaɪnl] [ˈfaɪnəl] [ˈfaɪnl̟]
/p/ people [ˈpiːpl] [ˈpiːpəl] [ˈpiːpəl]
/b/ bubble [ˈbʌbl] [ˈbʌbəl] [ˈbʌbəl]
/k/ cycle, difficult [ˈsaɪkl], [ˈdɪfɪkəlt ] [ˈsaɪkəl], [ˈdɪfɪkəlt] [ˈsaɪkəl], [ˈdɪfɪkəlt]
/g/ legal [ˈliːɡl] [ˈliːɡəl] [ˈliːgəl]
/f/ rifle, beautiful [ˈraɪfl], [ˈbjuːtɪfl] [ˈraɪfəl], [ˈbjuːtɪfʊl] [ˈraɪfəl], [ˈbjuːtɪfəl]
/v/ travel [ˈtrævl] [ˈtrævəl] [ˈtrævəl]
/s/ reversal [rɪˈvɜːsl, rɪˈvɜːrsl] [rɪˈvɜːsəl] [rɪˈvɚsəl]
/z/ nasal [ˈneɪzl] [ˈneɪzəl] [ˈneɪzəl]
/m/ animal, normal [ˈænɪml], [ˈnɔːml, ˈnɔːrml] [ˈænɪməl], [ˈnɔːməl] [ˈænəməl], [ˈnoɚməl]
/ʃ/ bushel, social [ˈbʊʃl], [ˈsəʊʃl, ˈsoʊʃl] [ˈbʊʃəl], [ˈsəʊʃəl] [ˈbʊʃəl], [ˈsoʊʃəl]
/dʒ/ angel [ˈeɪndʒl] [ˈeɪndʒəl] [ˈeɪnʤəl]
/tʃ satchel, Rachel [ˈsætʃəl], N/A [ˈsætʃəl], [ˈreɪtʃəl] [ˈsætʃəl], N/A
/r/ moral [ˈmɒrəl, ˈmɔːrəl, ˈmɑːrəl] [ˈmɒrəl] [ˈmorəl]
/j/ filial [ˈfɪliːəl, ˈfɪlɪəl] [ˈfɪljəl] [ˈfɪlijəl]
/w/ equal [ˈiːkwəl] [ˈiːkwəl] [ˈiːkwəl]

Unicode and HTML

Vertical line m̩

Unicode: U+0329 Combining vertical line below

HTML: m&#809; m&#x329;

Dot below ṃ

Unicode: U+1E43 Latin small letter M with dot below

HTML: &#7747; &#x1e43;

See also

Notes

  1. For technical reasons double brackets appear on the page title.
  2. Cambridge Dictionaries Online, Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary.