Difference between revisions of "IPA phoneme /uː/"

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{{Phonetics}}
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{{IPA symbol|uː|IPA phoneme /uː/|goose /guːs/}}
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In English, both in [[Received Pronunciation]] and in [[General American]], the [[IPA]] [[phonetic symbol]] '''/uː/''' corresponds to the [[vowel]] sound in words like "goose", "moon", "do" and "June".
  
In [[Received Pronunciation]], the [[IPA]] [[phonetic symbol]] '''/u:/''' corresponds to the [[vowel]] sound in words like "goose", "moon", "do" and "June".
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The actual sound may be [], [uw] or [ʉw]. See [[IPA phonetic symbol 〚w〛|IPA phonetic symbol <nowiki>[w]</nowiki>]].
  
 
==Common words==
 
==Common words==
 
Some common words which practice this pronunciation include the following:  
 
Some common words which practice this pronunciation include the following:  
* with "'''ew'''": blew - brew - chew - crew - drew - screw - threw;
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* with "'''ew''": blew - brew - chew - crew - drew - screw - threw
* with "'''o'''": do - lose - shoe - two - who - whose; 
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* with "'''o'''": approve - approval - improve - lose - move - movie - prove - remove - shoe - tomb - whose - womb
* [[Pronunciation exercises: "oo"|with "'''oo'''"]]: boot - choose - cool - fool - loose - moon - pool - root - school - soon - stool - tool;
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: final "'''o'''":  do - two - who''''''Bold text''''''
*  [[Pronunciation exercises: "ou"|with "'''ou'''"]]: soup - through - you;
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: [[Weak form|strong forms]] and before vowels: into - onto - to
* with "'''u'''": blue - flu - June - rule - sue - true;
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* [[Decoding exercises: "oo"|with "'''oo'''"]]: boot - Cameroon - choose - cool - food - fool - Liverpool - loose - moon - pool - root - school - shampoo - shoot - soon - stool - tool - tooth - troop - zoo
* [[Pronunciation exercises: "ui"|with "'''ui'''"]]: bruise - cruise - fruit - juice - lawsuit - suit - suitable - suitcase;
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*  [[Decoding exercises: "ou"|with "'''ou'''"]]: group - soup - through - you - youth
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{{IPA symbol|juː|IPA phonetic sequence /juː/|cute /kjuːt/}}
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* with "'''u'''": flu - include - June - Peru - rule - truth
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* with "'''ue'''": blue - glue - sue - true
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* [[Decoding exercises: "ui"|with "'''ui'''"]]: bruise - cruise - fruit - juice - lawsuit - suit - suitable - suitcase
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*[[homophones]]: blew/blue - chews/choose - flew/flu - threw/through - too/two.
 
*[[homophones]]: blew/blue - chews/choose - flew/flu - threw/through - too/two.
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In many words /uː/ is preceded by /j/ as in you, music or few. See [[IPA phonetic sequence /juː/]].
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==Uncommon words==
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[[Word stress|Stress marks]] added to facilitate pronunciation.
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* with "'''u'''": gnu - ˈgur'''u''' - ˈhaiku - ˈtofu
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* with "'''ou'''": aˈcoustic - ˈcaribou - rouˈlette - rouˈtine - wound ''(injury)''
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* with "'''oo'''": bamˈboo - boo - ˈcuckoo /ˈkʊkuː/ - ˈigloo - kangaˈroo - moo - shoo - taˈboo - tatˈtoo - too - ˈvoodoo - ˈWaterloo ''or'' Waterˈloo
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==These words don't rhyme==
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* do - go; food - good - blood; lose - nose; move - drove - love; new - sew /səʊ/; tomb - bomb; youth - mouth;
  
 
==Anticipated pronunciation difficulties depending on L1==
 
==Anticipated pronunciation difficulties depending on L1==
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===Spanish===
 
===Spanish===
While '''/u:/''' is very similar to the Spanish letter "'''u'''", it is actually much longer, and some Spanish speakers may, at first, have difficulty distinguishing between the vowel sound in "move" and that of '''[[IPA phonetic symbol (vowel) /ʊ/|/ʊ/]]''', as in "foot", which is shorter than the Spanish "'''u'''". Practice may therefore need to be given to help distinguish between words like "pull" and "pool" or "full" and "fool".
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See [[Pronunciation exercises: // vs /ʊ/#Spanish|Pronunciation exercises: /uː/ vs /ʊ/ § Spanish]].
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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*[[Decoding the letter U]]
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*[[Decoding exercises: "oo"]]
 
*[[Pronunciation]]
 
*[[Pronunciation]]
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*[[Pronunciation exercises: /uː/ vs /ʊ/]]
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*[[IPA phonetic sequence /juː/]]
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*[[IPA phoneme /ʊ/]]
 
*[[Silent e]]
 
*[[Silent e]]
  
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*[http://www.bl.uk/learning/langlit/sounds/case-studies/received-pronunciation/vowel-sounds-rp/ British Library: Learning - Sounds Familiar?]
 
*[http://www.bl.uk/learning/langlit/sounds/case-studies/received-pronunciation/vowel-sounds-rp/ British Library: Learning - Sounds Familiar?]
  
[[Category:IPA phonetic symbols]]
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[[Category:IPA phonetic symbols|Vowel /u/]]
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[[Category:Vowel phonemes|u]]

Latest revision as of 00:40, 26 June 2019

goose /guːs/

In English, both in Received Pronunciation and in General American, the IPA phonetic symbol /uː/ corresponds to the vowel sound in words like "goose", "moon", "do" and "June".

The actual sound may be [uː], [uw] or [ʉw]. See IPA phonetic symbol [w].

Common words[edit]

Some common words which practice this pronunciation include the following:

  • with "'ew": blew - brew - chew - crew - drew - screw - threw
  • with "o": approve - approval - improve - lose - move - movie - prove - remove - shoe - tomb - whose - womb
final "o": do - two - who'Bold text'
strong forms and before vowels: into - onto - to
  • with "oo": boot - Cameroon - choose - cool - food - fool - Liverpool - loose - moon - pool - root - school - shampoo - shoot - soon - stool - tool - tooth - troop - zoo
  • with "ou": group - soup - through - you - youth

juː

cute /kjuːt/

  • with "u": flu - include - June - Peru - rule - truth
  • with "ue": blue - glue - sue - true
  • with "ui": bruise - cruise - fruit - juice - lawsuit - suit - suitable - suitcase
  • homophones: blew/blue - chews/choose - flew/flu - threw/through - too/two.

In many words /uː/ is preceded by /j/ as in you, music or few. See IPA phonetic sequence /juː/.

Uncommon words[edit]

Stress marks added to facilitate pronunciation.

  • with "u": gnu - ˈguru - ˈhaiku - ˈtofu
  • with "ou": aˈcoustic - ˈcaribou - rouˈlette - rouˈtine - wound (injury)
  • with "oo": bamˈboo - boo - ˈcuckoo /ˈkʊkuː/ - ˈigloo - kangaˈroo - moo - shoo - taˈboo - tatˈtoo - too - ˈvoodoo - ˈWaterloo or Waterˈloo

These words don't rhyme[edit]

  • do - go; food - good - blood; lose - nose; move - drove - love; new - sew /səʊ/; tomb - bomb; youth - mouth;

Anticipated pronunciation difficulties depending on L1[edit]

Preconceived ideas and other interferences from L1 obviously interfere in many cases with how students perceive - and pronounce - sounds/words in English. The following sections aims to point out some of the most typical difficulties teachers and students may encounter regarding pronunciation.

Spanish[edit]

See Pronunciation exercises: /uː/ vs /ʊ/ § Spanish.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]