Difference between revisions of "IPA phoneme /l/"

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{{IPA symbol|l|IPA phoneme /l/|look /lʊk/}}
 
{{IPA symbol|l|IPA phoneme /l/|look /lʊk/}}
 
In English, both in [[Received Pronunciation]] and in [[General American]], the [[IPA]] [[phonetic symbol]] '''/l/''' (lowercase L) corresponds to the initial [[consonant]] sound in words like "look" and "last" and the final one in "school" and "girl".
 
In English, both in [[Received Pronunciation]] and in [[General American]], the [[IPA]] [[phonetic symbol]] '''/l/''' (lowercase L) corresponds to the initial [[consonant]] sound in words like "look" and "last" and the final one in "school" and "girl".
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When /l/ occurs at the end of a [[syllable]] or before a consonant, the tongue usually comes towards the back of the mouth.<ref>''Encyclopaedia Britannica'', [https://www.britannica.com/topic/velarization Velarization].</ref> Some speech pronunciation coaches call it a "[[IPA phonetic symbol 〚ɫ〛|dark L]]".
  
 
In [[Estuary English]] /l/ in final position is a vowel. For example ''milk'' is pronounced [mɪok] and ''middle'' is [ˈmɪdo].
 
In [[Estuary English]] /l/ in final position is a vowel. For example ''milk'' is pronounced [mɪok] and ''middle'' is [ˈmɪdo].
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==See also==
 
==See also==
 
*[[IPA phonetic symbol 〚l̩〛|IPA phonetic symbol <nowiki>[l̩]</nowiki>]] (syllabic /l/)
 
*[[IPA phonetic symbol 〚l̩〛|IPA phonetic symbol <nowiki>[l̩]</nowiki>]] (syllabic /l/)
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*[[IPA phonetic symbol 〚ɫ〛|IPA phonetic symbol <nowiki>[ɫ]</nowiki>]] (velarised /l/)
 
*[[Lesson:L vs R]]
 
*[[Lesson:L vs R]]
*[[Pronunciation of the letter L]]
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*[[Decoding the letter L]]
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 09:35, 4 June 2019

l

look /lʊk/

In English, both in Received Pronunciation and in General American, the IPA phonetic symbol /l/ (lowercase L) corresponds to the initial consonant sound in words like "look" and "last" and the final one in "school" and "girl".

When /l/ occurs at the end of a syllable or before a consonant, the tongue usually comes towards the back of the mouth.[1] Some speech pronunciation coaches call it a "dark L".

In Estuary English /l/ in final position is a vowel. For example milk is pronounced [mɪok] and middle is [ˈmɪdo].

Common words

Initial pronunciation of /l/:

  • large - last - late - leave - let - life - like - little - live - long - look - lot - love

Medial pronunciation of /l/:

  • As "l": also - child - clear - help - include - old - only - place - problem - world
  • As "ll": actually - allow - challenge - college - dollar - follow - really - village

Final pronunciation of /l/:

  • As "l": control - deal - feel - level - school - several - social - total - travel - until
  • As "ll": all - call - cell - fall - full - kill - sell - skill - small - still - tell - wall - well - will
  • With magic e: file - mile - module - role - rule - sale - smile - style - while - whole
  • With silent e: able - available - couple - example - little - people - possible - table

Anticipated pronunciation difficulties depending on L1

Preconceived ideas and other interferences from L1 obviously interfere in many cases with how students perceive - and pronounce - sounds/words in English. The following section aims to point out some of the most typical difficulties teachers and students may encounter regarding pronunciation.

Spanish

See also

References

  1. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Velarization.

External links