IPA phoneme /aʊ/
Some common words which practice the pronunciation of /aʊ/ include the following:
- with "ou": doubt - count - found - loud - out - shout - sound;
- with "ow": brown - cow - down - how - now - owl - towel - tower - town;
Anticipated pronunciation difficulties depending on L1
Preconceived ideas and other interferences from L1 obviously interfere in many cases with how students perceive - and pronounce - sounds/words in English. The following sections aims to point out some of the most typical difficulties teachers and students may encounter regarding pronunciation.