Difference between revisions of "IPA phoneme /aɪ/"

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==See also==
 
==See also==
 
*[[Magic e]]
 
*[[Magic e]]
*[[Pronunciation of the letter I]]
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*[[Decoding the letter I]]
 
*[[Pronunciation exercises: /eɪ/ vs /aɪ/]]
 
*[[Pronunciation exercises: /eɪ/ vs /aɪ/]]
 
*[[Pronunciation exercises: /ɪ/ vs /aɪ/]]
 
*[[Pronunciation exercises: /ɪ/ vs /aɪ/]]

Revision as of 16:03, 30 March 2016

Upton

ʌɪ

price /prʌɪs/

Strict IPA

aɪ ̯  

price /praɪ ̯ s/

Standard

price /praɪs/

In English, both in Received Pronunciation and in General American, the IPA phonetic symbol /aɪ/ corresponds to the vowel sound in words like "price", "fly" and "time". This diphthong is informally called long I and a bit more formally "the long sound of the letter I".

In strict IPA diphthongs need an inverted breve under their less prominent vowel: /aɪ ̯  /. However the notation we are using does not have the symbol /a/ by itself, and therefore we know that a vowel after /a/ has an implied inverted breve.

This vowel can be pronounced as [aɪ ̯  ], [ʌɪ ̯  ] or (in Australian English) [ɑe̯]. In Southern American English this phoneme can be the monophthong [aː].

At the advice of Clive Upton the Concise Oxford Dictionary altered the British tradition and now uses /ʌɪ/ instead of /aɪ/; later Oxford Dictionaries Online followed the same convention.[1] The phonetician Jack Windsor Lewis says "the verdict on /ʌɪ/ alongside /aʊ/ must be that it is a very regrettable departure from EPD14b [Daniel Jones English Pronouncing Dictionary] that would be better abandoned in future."[2]

Common words

Some common words which practice the pronunciation of /aɪ/ include the following:

One syllable

  • with "ie": die - lie - pie - tie
  • with "i": blind - child - find - I - kind - mild - pint - wild - whilst
  • with "i" and magic e: bike - file - ice - like - line - mine - nice - pine - price - quite - size - smile - time - white - wine - write
  • with "ig": sign
  • with "igh": bright - fight - fright - height - high - light - night - right - sigh - sight - slight - thigh - tight;
  • with the letter "y": cry - dry - dye - fly - fry - my - rye - shy - sky - sty - style - try - type - why;
  • others: buy - guy; eye
  • homophones: aisle - I'll - isle; bite - byte; cite - site - sight; die - dye; high - hi; I - eye; knight - night; right - write; sighed - side; sighs - size; time - thyme; whine - wine; why - Y.

Several syllables

  • with "i": behind - finally - idea - identity - item - library - private - science - variety - title
  • with "i" and magic e: arrive - decide - describe - outside - realiseBrE/realize - require - surprise
  • with "ig": align - assign - design
  • with "y" and magic e: analyseBrE/analyzeAmE
  • with "y": apply - cycle - deny - identify - reply - supply
  • with "ei": kaleidoscope
as /aɪ/ or /iː/: either - neither
  • coyote: /kaɪˈəʊ.tiː/, /ˈkaɪ.oʊt/,AmE /kɔɪˈəʊ.tiː/BrE

In combination with r

In some words "ir" and "yr" are pronounced /aɪə/, and in others they are pronounced /aɪ/.

  • /aɪə/: acquire - desire - entirely - fire - hire - iron /aɪərn/ - inspire - Ireland - require - retire - tire - tyreBrE - umpire - wire
  • /aɪ/: environment - gyrate - irate - pirate - polystyrene - pyromaniac - spiral - virus

Anticipated pronunciation difficulties depending on L1

Preconceived ideas and other interferences from L1 obviously interfere in many cases with how students perceive - and pronounce - sounds/words in English. The following sections aims to point out some of the most typical difficulties teachers and students may encounter regarding pronunciation.

Spanish

See also

References

  1. Oxford Dictionaries Online, Key to pronunciations (British and World English dictionary). See ʌɪ as in my.
  2. Jack Windsor Lewis, IPA vowel symbols for British English in dictionaries, Section 8. /ʌɪ/ versus /aɪ/.

External links