Difference between revisions of "IPA phoneme /ʌ/"

From Teflpedia
(Common words: +u)
(Common words: {{"o" as /ʌ/}})
Line 5: Line 5:
 
==Common words==
 
==Common words==
 
Some common words which practice the pronunciation of '''/ʌ/''' include the following:  
 
Some common words which practice the pronunciation of '''/ʌ/''' include the following:  
* with "'''u'''": bun - bus - but - butter - cut - fun - gun - luck - run - lunch - summer - sun - Sunday - thunder - truck - tunnel - under - up - us;
+
* with "'''u'''": bun - bus - but - butter - cut - fun - gun - luck - run - lunch - summer - sun - Sunday - thunder - truck - tunnel - under - up - us
* with "'''o'''": another - brother - colour - come - company - cover - done - does - front - London - love - lover - Monday - money - mother - one - once - other - stomach - wonder;
+
* with "'''o'''": {{"o" as /ʌ/}}
* [[Pronunciation exercises: "oo"|with "'''oo'''"]]: blood - flood;
+
* [[Pronunciation exercises: "oo"|with "'''oo'''"]]: blood - flood
* [[Pronunciation exercises: "ou"|with "'''ou'''"]]: country - couple - cousin - double - southern - trouble - young;
+
* [[Pronunciation exercises: "ou"|with "'''ou'''"]]: country - couple - cousin - double - southern - trouble - young
* with "'''ough'''": enough - rough - tough;
+
* with "'''ough'''": enough - rough - tough
 
* [[homophones]]: none/nun - one/won - some/sum - son/sun
 
* [[homophones]]: none/nun - one/won - some/sum - son/sun
  

Revision as of 04:05, 21 November 2013

Template:Phonetics

In Received Pronunciation, the IPA phonetic symbol /ʌ/ corresponds to the monophthong vowel sound in words like "strut", "nut" and "bus".

Common words

Some common words which practice the pronunciation of /ʌ/ include the following:

  • with "u": bun - bus - but - butter - cut - fun - gun - luck - run - lunch - summer - sun - Sunday - thunder - truck - tunnel - under - up - us
  • with "o":
  • O adjacent to "m": accomplishBrE - Colombia - come - comfort - comfortable /ˈkʌmftəbəl, ˈkʌmfərtəbəl/ - company - compass - mother - some - stomach
  • O adjacent to "m" and "n": among - Monday - money - mongrel - monk - monkey - month
  • O adjacent to "n": another - confrontation - done - front - honey - London - none - nothing - one /wʌn/ - once /wʌns/ - onion /ˈʌnjən/ - son - sponge - ton - tongue - tonne
  • O adjacent to "n" and "w": won - wonder - wonderful
  • O adjacent to "v": above - Coventry /ˈkʌvəntriː, ˈkɒvəntriː/ - cover - covet - discover - dove (bird) - glove - government - love - lover - oven - shovel - slovenly
  • Other: brother - colorAmE - colourBrE - dozen - other - thorough /ˈθʌrə,BrE ˈθɜːrəʊAmE/
  • with "oo": blood - flood
  • with "ou": country - couple - cousin - double - southern - trouble - young
  • with "ough": enough - rough - tough
  • homophones: none/nun - one/won - some/sum - son/sun

Anticipated pronunciation difficulties depending on L1

Preconceived ideas and other interferences from L1 obviously interfere in many cases with how students perceive - and pronounce - sounds/words in English. The following sections aims to point out some of the most typical difficulties teachers and students may encounter regarding pronunciation.

Spanish

While /ʌ/ is very similar the Spanish letter "a", it is in fact somewhat shorter and many Spanish speakers have difficulty distinguishing between "hungry" and "angry". Another difficulty is remembering that there are many common words with the letter "o" pronounced /ʌ/ (see above).

Spelling is a big interference for Spanish Speakers, and they may rhyme "null" with "full" and "pull" (/nʌl, fʊl, pʊl/).

Note that in Spain, Chile and Argentina /ʌ/ is heard as [a], whereas in Mexico, Central America and Venezuela it is heard as [o]. This means that in spoken Spanish Seven Up is normally pronounced [sebe'nap] in the first three countries and [sebe'nop] in the others. This is transferred to English.

Since most translations into Latin American Spanish are made in Mexico, Psyduck (a Pokémon) is pronounced ['saidok] even in Chile and Argentina. "Bubble Guppies" is translated in Argentina, and presumably Mexican children say ['babḷ 'gapis]. See Bubble Guppies Español Latino ¿Quien va a ser el malvado lobo feroz?

See also

External links