IPA phoneme /ɔː/
In Received Pronunciation, the IPA phonetic symbol /ɔː/ corresponds to the vowel sound in words like "north", "force", and "thought". Additionally, many people pronounce "sure" as /ʃɔːr/ instead of the more traditional /ʃʊər/. See IPA phoneme /ʊə/.
In Received Pronunciation /ɔːr/ is pronounced [ɔː] unless it is followed by a vowel, i.e. when the spelling has an "r", it is normally silent unless it is followed by a vowel.
In General American the "r" in /ɔːr/ is always pronounced.
There are places in the United Kingdom where /ɔːr/ is pronounced [ɔːr], and places in North America where /r/ is silent.
Some common words containing /ɔː/ include the following:
- with "oa": abroad - broad
- with "ough": bought - brought - fought - ought - thought;
- with "a": water;
- with "al": almost - already - alter - always - chalk - false - salt - talk - walk;
- with "all": ball - call - fall - hall - mall - small - talk - walk - wall;
- with "aw": dawn - flaw - hawk - jaw - law - lawn - raw - saw - shawl - thaw - yawn;
- with "au": auction - August - author - autumn - caught - cause - clause - daughter - fault - launch - taught;
Some common words containing /ɔːr/ include the following (note that the /r/ is silent in Received Pronunciation, unless it is followed by a vowel)
- with "or": afford - born - cork - door - floor - fork - horse - lord - more - nor - or - pork - score - short - store - storm - sword;
- with "oar": boar - board - oar - roar - soar;
- with "our": court - four - pour
- with "ar": quarter - war - warm - warn;
- homophones: bored/board - court/caught - or/oar/ore - stork/stalk.
Anticipated pronunciation difficulties depending on L1
Preconceived ideas and other interferences from L1 obviously interfere in many cases with how students perceive - and pronounce - sounds/words in English. The following sections aims to point out some of the most typical difficulties teachers and students may encounter regarding pronunciation.
Some Spanish speakers may, at first, have difficulty distinguishing between the vowel sound in "north" and that of /ɒ/, as in "not".