Difference between revisions of "IPA phoneme /ɔː/"

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{{Template:Under construction}}
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{{box|This [[phonetics]] article is based on [[British English]] and [[received pronunciation]]. For [[American English]] see [[Phoneme /ɔː/ in General American]].}}
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{{IPA symbol|ɔː|IPA phoneme /ɔː/|north /nɔːrθ/}}
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{{IPA symbol|ɔː|IPA phoneme /ɔː/|thought /θɔːt/}}
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In [[Received Pronunciation]], the [[IPA]] [[phonetic symbol]] '''/ɔː/''' corresponds to the [[vowel]] sound in words like "north", "force", and "thought". Additionally, many people pronounce "sure" as /ʃɔːr/ instead of the more traditional {{nw|/ʃʊər/.}} See [[IPA phoneme /ʊə/]].
  
{{Phonetics}}
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In [[General American]] this [[phoneme]] is heard in "north", "force", "thought", and also "cloth" (the latter is pronounced [[IPA phoneme /ɒ/|/ɒ/]] in Received Pronunciation).
  
In [[Received Pronunciation]], the [[IPA]] [[phonetic symbol]] '''/ɔ:/''' corresponds to the [[vowel]] sound in words like "four", "nor" and "small".
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In Received Pronunciation /ɔːr/ is pronounced [ɔː] unless it is followed by a vowel, i.e. when the spelling has an "r", it is normally silent unless it is followed by a vowel.
  
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In General American the "r" in /ɔːr/ is always pronounced.
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There are places in the United Kingdom where /ɔːr/ is pronounced [ɔːr], and places in North America where /r/ is silent.
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[[File:Cloth-thought.png|450px]]
 
==Common words==
 
==Common words==
Some common words containing '''/ɔ:/''' include the following:  
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Some common words containing '''/ɔː/''' include the following:  
* with "o": afford - born - door - floor - fork - horse - lord - more - nor - or - pork - short - store - storm - sword;
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* with "oa": abroad - broad
* with "oa": board - broad;
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* with "ough": ought - thought
* with "ou": bought - brought - court - fought - ought - thought;
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:past tense and past participle: bought - brought - fought - sought - thought
* with "a": false - water;  
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* with "a": water   
* with "al": ball - call - fall - hall - mall - small - talk - walk - wall;
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* with "al": almost - already - alter - always - chalk - false - salt (also /sɒlt/{{bre}}) - talk - walk
* with "ar": quarter - war - warm - warn;
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* with "all": ball - call - fall - hall - mall - small - wall
* with "aw": dawn - hawk - jaw - law - lawn - raw - saw - shawl - yawn
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* with "aw": dawn - flaw - hawk - jaw - law - lawn - raw - saw - shawl - thaw - yawn
* with "au": August - author - autumn - daughter - taught - caught - clause;
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* with "au": auction - August - author - autumn - cause - clause - daughter - fault - launch
* [[homophones]]: bored/board - court/caught - or/oar/ore - stork/stalk.
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:past tense and past participle: caught - taught
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===/ɔːr/===
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''See [[Decoding exercises: "orV" and "orrV"]]''
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Some common words containing '''/ɔːr/''' include the following (note that the /r/ is silent in Received Pronunciation, unless it is followed by a vowel)
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* with "or": afford - born - cork - door - floor - fork - horse - lord - more - nor - or - pork - score - short - store - storm - story - sword
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* with "oar": boar - board - oar -  roar - soar
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* with "our": court - four - pour
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* with "ar": quarter - war - warm - warn
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* with "awer": drawer
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==[[Homophones]]==
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*All accents: bored - board; clause - claws; or - oar - ore; pause - paws; warn - worn;
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*Only in non-rhotic accents: court - caught;  source - sauce; stork - stalk.
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*your /'''jɔːr'''{{bre}} jʊər{{ame}} jər{{bre}} {{ame}}/ - you're /'''jɔːr'''{{bre}} jʊər{{bre}} {{ame}} jər{{ame}}/
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*What is the difference between a cat and a comma?
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:A cat has its claws at the end of its paws and a comma has its pause at the end of its clause.
  
 
==Anticipated pronunciation difficulties depending on L1==
 
==Anticipated pronunciation difficulties depending on L1==
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===Spanish===
 
===Spanish===
Some Spanish speakers may, at first, have difficulty distinguishing between the vowel sound in "nor" and that of '''[[IPA phonetic symbol (vowel) /ɒ/|/ɒ/]]''', as in "not".
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Some Spanish speakers may, at first, have difficulty distinguishing between the vowel sound in "north" and that of '''[[IPA phoneme /ɒ/|/ɒ/]]''', as in "not".
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It is not uncommon to hear them pronouncing {{wrong+|/ˈalsəʊ/|Correct pronunciation is /ˈɔːlsəʊ/}} or {{wrong+|/alˈtɜːrnatɪv/|Correct pronunciation is /ɔːlˈtɜːrnətɪv/}}.
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See also [[Decoding exercises: "au"#Spanish L1|Decoding exercises: "au" § Spanish L1]].
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
*[[Homophone]]
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*[[Pronunciation exercises: /ɒ/ vs /ɔː/]]
*[[Pronunciation]]
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*[[Pronunciation exercises: /əʊ/ vs /ɔː/]]
 
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*[[Pronunciation exercises: /ɒrV/ vs /ɔːrV/]]
  
[[Category:Pronunciation]]
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[[Category:IPA phonetic symbols|Vowel /o2/]]
[[Category:IPA phonetic symbols]]
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[[Category:Vowel phonemes|o2]]
[[Category:IPA phonetic symbols (vowels)]]
 

Latest revision as of 20:01, 16 March 2019

ɔː

north /nɔːrθ/

ɔː

thought /θɔːt/

In Received Pronunciation, the IPA phonetic symbol /ɔː/ corresponds to the vowel sound in words like "north", "force", and "thought". Additionally, many people pronounce "sure" as /ʃɔːr/ instead of the more traditional /ʃʊər/. See IPA phoneme /ʊə/.

In General American this phoneme is heard in "north", "force", "thought", and also "cloth" (the latter is pronounced /ɒ/ in Received Pronunciation).

In Received Pronunciation /ɔːr/ is pronounced [ɔː] unless it is followed by a vowel, i.e. when the spelling has an "r", it is normally silent unless it is followed by a vowel.

In General American the "r" in /ɔːr/ is always pronounced.

There are places in the United Kingdom where /ɔːr/ is pronounced [ɔːr], and places in North America where /r/ is silent.

Cloth-thought.png

Common words[edit]

Some common words containing /ɔː/ include the following:

  • with "oa": abroad - broad
  • with "ough": ought - thought
past tense and past participle: bought - brought - fought - sought - thought
  • with "a": water
  • with "al": almost - already - alter - always - chalk - false - salt (also /sɒlt/BrE) - talk - walk
  • with "all": ball - call - fall - hall - mall - small - wall
  • with "aw": dawn - flaw - hawk - jaw - law - lawn - raw - saw - shawl - thaw - yawn
  • with "au": auction - August - author - autumn - cause - clause - daughter - fault - launch
past tense and past participle: caught - taught

/ɔːr/[edit]

See Decoding exercises: "orV" and "orrV"

Some common words containing /ɔːr/ include the following (note that the /r/ is silent in Received Pronunciation, unless it is followed by a vowel)

  • with "or": afford - born - cork - door - floor - fork - horse - lord - more - nor - or - pork - score - short - store - storm - story - sword
  • with "oar": boar - board - oar - roar - soar
  • with "our": court - four - pour
  • with "ar": quarter - war - warm - warn
  • with "awer": drawer

Homophones[edit]

  • All accents: bored - board; clause - claws; or - oar - ore; pause - paws; warn - worn;
  • Only in non-rhotic accents: court - caught; source - sauce; stork - stalk.
  • your /jɔːrBrE jʊərAmE jərBrE AmE/ - you're /jɔːrBrE jʊərBrE AmE jərAmE/
  • What is the difference between a cat and a comma?
A cat has its claws at the end of its paws and a comma has its pause at the end of its clause.

Anticipated pronunciation difficulties depending on L1[edit]

Preconceived ideas and other interferences from L1 obviously interfere in many cases with how students perceive - and pronounce - sounds/words in English. The following sections aims to point out some of the most typical difficulties teachers and students may encounter regarding pronunciation.

Spanish[edit]

Some Spanish speakers may, at first, have difficulty distinguishing between the vowel sound in "north" and that of /ɒ/, as in "not".

It is not uncommon to hear them pronouncing */ˈalsəʊ/ or */alˈtɜːrnatɪv/.

See also Decoding exercises: "au" § Spanish L1.

See also[edit]