IPA phoneme /ŋ/

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Revision as of 21:17, 28 October 2013 by Ghoti (talk | contribs) (Ordering as /ng/)

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In Received Pronunciation, the IPA phonetic symbol /ŋ/ corresponds to the final consonant sound in words like "sang", "sing", "song" and "sung" and, of course -ing forms. Not all words with "ng" have that /ŋ/: cf. angle and angel. On the other hand, it should be pointed out that /ŋ/ is often, but not always, followed by /g/ cf. singer vs single or long vs longer.

/æ/

  • with /æ/: bang - gang - hang - hanger - hanging - rang - sang - slang;
  • with /æ/ + /ŋ/ + /g/: anger - angle - angry - language - languid;
  • with /æ/ + /ŋ/ + /k/: ankle - bank - drank - handkerchief - rank - sanction - sank - stank - tank - thank;

/e/

/i/

  • with /i/: bring - ring - sing - singer - spring - sting - string - swing - thing - wing - wring;
  • with /i/ + /ŋ/ + /g/: linger - single;
  • with /i/ + /ŋ/ + /k/: blink - drink - ink - link - sink - sprinkler - stink - think - twinkle - rink - wink - wrinkle;

/ɒ/

  • with /ɒ/: belong - long - song - strong - wrong;
  • with /ɒ/ + /ŋ/ + /g/: longer - stronger;

/ʌ/

  • with /ʌ/: lung - sung - tongue;
  • with /ʌ/ + /ŋ/ + /g/: hunger - hungry;
  • with /ʌ/ + /ŋ/ + /k/: bunk - dunk - function - junction - trunk - uncle;

Homophones

See main article Homophone.

  • ring/wring

Anticipated pronunciation difficulties depending on L1

Preconceived ideas and other interferences from L1 obviously interfere in many cases with how students perceive - and pronounce - sounds/words in English. The following section aims to point out some of the most typical difficulties teachers and students may encounter regarding pronunciation.

Spanish

At the back of every native Spanish speaker's mind is that nagging doubt as to whether to pronounce any g they see as /dʒ/, as in age or /g/ as in bag.

See also

References


External links