Difference between revisions of "Decoding exercises: "irV", "yrV", "irrV" and "yrrV""

From Teflpedia
(Order in category)
m (Common words)
 
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*"i" as /aɪ/: virus
 
*"i" as /aɪ/: virus
 
*"i" as /aɪə/: iron
 
*"i" as /aɪə/: iron
*"i" as /ɜː/ *stirring
+
*"i" as /ɜː/ stirring
  
 
;"irr"
 
;"irr"

Latest revision as of 21:04, 23 November 2018

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/

The sequence /ɪrV/, where V is any vowel, can be spelled "ir", "yr", "irr" and "yrr".

The following table shows the sounds of these four combinations in a stressed syllable. Unstressed sounds (/ə/ and /ɪ/) are shown in the examples.

"ir" "yr" "irr" "yrr"
/ɪ/ spirit tyranny mirror Pyrrhic
/ɜːr/ stirring myrrhic
/aɪr/ spiral thyroid N/A N/A
/aɪər/ hiring N/A N/A

Common words[edit]

"ir"
  • "i" as /ɪ/: spirit
  • "i" as /aɪ/: virus
  • "i" as /aɪə/: iron
  • "i" as /ɜː/ stirring
"irr"
  • "i" as /ɪ/: mirror

Less common words[edit]

"ir" or "yr"
  • "i" as /ɪ/: conspiracy, delirious, miracle, mirage, satiric, spirit
  • "y" as /ɪ/: lyric, pyramid, syringe, tyranny
  • "i" as /aɪ/: irate, Irish, ironic, irony, pirate, siren
  • "y" as /aɪ/: gyrate, thyroid, tyrant
  • "i" as /aɪə/: admirer, desirable, firearm
  • "i" as /ə/: admirable, admiral, giraffe
ening in "ation": admiration, aspiration, expiration, inspiration, perspiration
  • enquiry/inquiry
spelling: normally enquiry,BrE inquiryAmE
pronunciation: /ɪnˈkwaɪəri/BrE AmE /ˈɪnkwəri/AmE
"irr"
  • "i" as /ɪ/: irrational, irrefutable, irregular, irrelevant, irreparable, irresistible, irrigation, irritation

Proper nouns[edit]

  • "i" or "y" as /ɪ/: Iran, Iraq, Miranda, Syria
  • "i" or "y" as /aɪ/: Byron

Variant pronunciations[edit]

  • /ɪr/ or /aɪr/: direct - direction - director - directory
  • environment /ɪnˈvaɪrənmənt/, /ɪnˈvaɪərnmənt/; also /enˈvaɪrənmənt/,AmE /enˈvaɪərnmənt/AmE
  • /ɪr/,BrE /ɜːr/AmE: squirrel
  • /ɪr/,BrE AmE /ɜːr/AmE: syrup

Table "ir" and "irr"[edit]

"ir, yr" "irr"
/ɪr/ spirit mirror
/ɜːr/ N/A "irr" only sounds /ɜːr/ in derived forms: stirring
/aɪr/ spiral, virus N/A
/aɪər/ admirer, hiring N/A

References[edit]


See also[edit]

External links[edit]