Difference between revisions of "Decoding exercises: "ie""

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This rule of thumb is not always true. This article explores the "ie" part. For the "cei" part see [[Decoding exercises: "ei"]].
 
This rule of thumb is not always true. This article explores the "ie" part. For the "cei" part see [[Decoding exercises: "ei"]].
  
Together with the article on [[decoding difficulties]], this page sets out some common (or not...) [[words]] [[teachers]] can use to help their [[students]] become more aware of how they can [[Decoding written words|sound out]] more correctly the different sounds corresponding to words containing "ie".  
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Together with the article on [[decoding difficulties]], this page sets out some common words teachers can use to help their students become more aware of how they can [[Decoding written words|sound out]] more correctly the different sounds corresponding to words containing "ie".  
  
Depending on their [[mother tongue]] (L1), students may have difficulty distinguishing between these sounds. More often than not, these supposed difficulties depend more on the interference of L1 than on the actual difficulties posed by English, and many, if not most students will greatly improve their pronunciation by simply becoming aware of certain differences - together with a minimum of practice.  
+
Depending on their [[mother tongue]] (L1), students may have difficulty distinguishing between some of these sounds. More often than not, these supposed difficulties depend more on the interference of L1 than on the actual difficulties posed by English, and many, if not most students will greatly improve their pronunciation by simply becoming aware of certain differences - together with a minimum of practice.  
  
Don't forget that [[intonation]], [[linking]] and [[stress]], both for individual words and for [[Stress#Sentence stress|sentence stress]], are also, of course, of vital importance in [[speaking]] better English.  
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In this case, it might be interesting to point out the difference between the [[past participle]]s in ""carried" vs ''tried'', etc. The same situation happens with plurals such as "carries" and "tries".
  
In this case, it might be interesting to point out the difference between the [[past participle]]s in ''carried'' vs ''tried'', etc.
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==/iː/==
  
==/iː/==
 
{{IPA-vowels}}
 
 
The rule of thumb "I before E except after C" is intended to be used only when the vowel sound is /iː/.
 
The rule of thumb "I before E except after C" is intended to be used only when the vowel sound is /iː/.
*[[IPA phoneme /iː/|as '''/iː/''']]: achieve - belief - believe - brief - chief - field - grief - Marie - niece - piece - rabies - relief - relieve - series - Sheffield - shield - skied - thief - Wakefield - yield
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*[[IPA phoneme /iː/|as '''/iː/''']]: achieve - belief - believe - brief - chief - field - grief - hygiene - Marie - niece - piece - rabies - relief - relieve - series - Sheffield - shield - skied - thief - Wakefield - yield
  
 
Exception to the rule: species
 
Exception to the rule: species
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*Derived forms of ''-y'' verbs
 
*Derived forms of ''-y'' verbs
 
:*''-ies'' third person and ''-ied'' past tense: carries - carried; hurries - hurried; marries - married; studies - studied; tidies - tidied; worries - worried;
 
:*''-ies'' third person and ''-ied'' past tense: carries - carried; hurries - hurried; marries - married; studies - studied; tidies - tidied; worries - worried;
:*''-ies'' plural of ''-y'' nouns: apologies - babies - berries - cities - companies - countries - families - ferries - hoodies - ladies - rubies - stories;
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:*''-ies'' plural of ''-y'' nouns: apologies - babies - berries - cities - companies - countries - families - ferries - hoodies - ladies - parties - rubies - stories;
  
 
Note that there are very few [[minimal pair]]s that contrast /ɪ/ and /iː/ in unstressed position.
 
Note that there are very few [[minimal pair]]s that contrast /ɪ/ and /iː/ in unstressed position.
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==/aɪ/==
 
==/aɪ/==
:*''ie:'' die - lie - pie - tie  
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*''ie:'' die - lie - pie - tie  
:*''-ies'' third person and ''-ied'' past tense of ''-y'' verbs: applies - applied; cries - cried; denies - denied; dries - dried; flies - flied; fries - fried; multiplies - multiplied; spies - spies; supplies - supplied; tries - tried; verifies - verified
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*''-ies'' third person and ''-ied'' past tense of ''-y'' verbs: applies - applied; cries - cried; denies - denied; dries - dried; flies - flied; fries - fried; identifies - identified; implies - implied; justifies - justified; modifies - modified; multiplies - multiplied; occupies - occupied; qualifies - qualified; relies - relied; satisfies - satisfied; specifies - specified; relied; spies - spies; supplies - supplied; tries - tried; verifies - verified
:*''-ies'' plural of ''-y'' nouns: cries - flies - fries - spies
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*''-ies'' plural of ''-y'' nouns: allies - cries - flies - fries - skies - spies
  
 
==/ə/==
 
==/ə/==
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=="ie" in two separate syllables==
 
=="ie" in two separate syllables==
===/aɪə/===
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===/aɪ.ə/===
:*anxiety - diet - quiet - science - society - variety
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*anxiety, client, diet, quiet, science, society, variety
:*drier - supplier
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*drier, flier, supplier
 +
*comparatives: drier
 +
 
 +
===/aɪ.ɪ/===
 +
*superlatives: driest
  
 
===/ɪ.ə/ or /iː.ə/===
 
===/ɪ.ə/ or /iː.ə/===
 
The period indicates separate syllables, and here it is used to distinguish /ɪ/+/ə/ and [[IPA phoneme /ɪə/|phoneme /ɪə/]]).
 
The period indicates separate syllables, and here it is used to distinguish /ɪ/+/ə/ and [[IPA phoneme /ɪə/|phoneme /ɪə/]]).
  
*audience, barrier, experience
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*alien, audience, barrier, convenience, convenient, experience, leniency, nutrient
 
*Derived forms of ''-y'' adjectives  
 
*Derived forms of ''-y'' adjectives  
 
:*comparatives: busier - earlier - easier - funnier - happier - prettier - sunnier - uglier
 
:*comparatives: busier - earlier - easier - funnier - happier - prettier - sunnier - uglier
 +
 
===Others===
 
===Others===
*skier /skiːər/
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*/iːə/: skier
 +
*/iː{{e}}/: orient
 
*Derived forms of ''-y'' adjectives  
 
*Derived forms of ''-y'' adjectives  
:*superlatives: /ɪɪ/ or /iːɪ/ busiest - earliest - easiest - funniest - happiest - prettier - ugliest
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:*superlatives: /ɪɪ/ or /iːɪ/ busiest - earliest - easiest - funniest - happiest - prettiest - sunniest - ugliest
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
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[[Category:Decoding written words|ie]]
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[[category:Decoding written words|ie]]
[[Category:Spelling]]
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[[category:Spelling|ie]]

Revision as of 04:38, 27 February 2020

pie /paɪ/

niece /niːs/

I before E except after C

This rule of thumb is not always true. This article explores the "ie" part. For the "cei" part see Decoding exercises: "ei".

Together with the article on decoding difficulties, this page sets out some common words teachers can use to help their students become more aware of how they can sound out more correctly the different sounds corresponding to words containing "ie".

Depending on their mother tongue (L1), students may have difficulty distinguishing between some of these sounds. More often than not, these supposed difficulties depend more on the interference of L1 than on the actual difficulties posed by English, and many, if not most students will greatly improve their pronunciation by simply becoming aware of certain differences - together with a minimum of practice.

In this case, it might be interesting to point out the difference between the past participles in ""carried" vs tried, etc. The same situation happens with plurals such as "carries" and "tries".

/iː/

The rule of thumb "I before E except after C" is intended to be used only when the vowel sound is /iː/.

  • as /iː/: achieve - belief - believe - brief - chief - field - grief - hygiene - Marie - niece - piece - rabies - relief - relieve - series - Sheffield - shield - skied - thief - Wakefield - yield

Exception to the rule: species

Stressed /ɪ/

  • as /ɪ/: sieve (possibly the only stressed case)

/ɪ/ or /ə/

  • mischievous /ˈmɪstʃɪvəs/ or /ˈmɪstʃəvəs/

Unstressed /iː/ or /ɪ/

See also Pronunciation exercises: /ɪ/ vs /iː/#Unstressed syllable

  • At the end of the word: auntie - hippie - movie - Stephanie
  • Derived forms of -y verbs
  • -ies third person and -ied past tense: carries - carried; hurries - hurried; marries - married; studies - studied; tidies - tidied; worries - worried;
  • -ies plural of -y nouns: apologies - babies - berries - cities - companies - countries - families - ferries - hoodies - ladies - parties - rubies - stories;

Note that there are very few minimal pairs that contrast /ɪ/ and /iː/ in unstressed position.

/ɪə/

  • as /ɪə/: fierce - pierce - piercing - tier

/aɪ/

  • ie: die - lie - pie - tie
  • -ies third person and -ied past tense of -y verbs: applies - applied; cries - cried; denies - denied; dries - dried; flies - flied; fries - fried; identifies - identified; implies - implied; justifies - justified; modifies - modified; multiplies - multiplied; occupies - occupied; qualifies - qualified; relies - relied; satisfies - satisfied; specifies - specified; relied; spies - spies; supplies - supplied; tries - tried; verifies - verified
  • -ies plural of -y nouns: allies - cries - flies - fries - skies - spies

/ə/

  • ancient - efficient - patient - soldier - sufficient

Others

  • Daniel /ˈdænjəl/
  • friend /frend/
  • Vietnam has at least four alternatives: "Viet" as /ˌvjet/ or /ˌviːet/ and "nam" as /ˈnæm/ or /ˈnɑːm/. Wikipedia gives also /ˌviːətˈnɑːm/.
  • "iew" as /juː/: interview, review, view

"ie" in two separate syllables

/aɪ.ə/

  • anxiety, client, diet, quiet, science, society, variety
  • drier, flier, supplier
  • comparatives: drier

/aɪ.ɪ/

  • superlatives: driest

/ɪ.ə/ or /iː.ə/

The period indicates separate syllables, and here it is used to distinguish /ɪ/+/ə/ and phoneme /ɪə/).

  • alien, audience, barrier, convenience, convenient, experience, leniency, nutrient
  • Derived forms of -y adjectives
  • comparatives: busier - earlier - easier - funnier - happier - prettier - sunnier - uglier

Others

  • /iːə/: skier
  • /iːe/: orient
  • Derived forms of -y adjectives
  • superlatives: /ɪɪ/ or /iːɪ/ busiest - earliest - easiest - funniest - happiest - prettiest - sunniest - ugliest

References


See also

External links