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Wh- pronoun

From Teflpedia

A wh- pronoun is a wh- word that’s a pronoun.

There are four main pronouns used in English; what, where, which, who and whose. A fifth, whom is also used in formal registers.

Form[edit | edit source]

Wh- pronoun Case Meaning
what Common case Refers to things (unlimited scope)
where Common case Refers to places; can also be used as an wh- adverb.
which Common case Refers to things (limited scope)
who Common case/Subjective case Refers to people, companies, organisations, etc.
whom Accusative case
whose Genitive case Refers to possessors

Usage[edit | edit source]

Grammatically, they can be used:

  1. As relatives, to introduce relative clauses, e.g. I know which one you want.
  2. As interrogatives, in wh- clauses (wh- questions and wh- statements).

Syntactically, they can be used:

  1. As independent pronouns; i.e. as subjects and objects.
  2. All except where can be used as dependent pronouns (a type of determiner), e.g. which one would you like?. In traditional grammar, these are sometimes called “interrogative adjective,” but are not adjectives.