Verb is a word class which, in association with a subject, affirms, negates or questions a situation. The situation may be:
Meaning[edit | edit source]
Prototypical verbs express actions, but in slightly more detail they may express:
- state; (stative verbs: be, seem);
- process, (process verbs: change, develop);
- event (eventive verbs: explode, sneeze);
- action (action verbs: run, write).
Form[edit | edit source]
Verb class membership[edit | edit source]
Verb class membership is quite straightforward.
Verb classes[edit | edit source]
Verb formation[edit | edit source]
Verb forms[edit | edit source]
There are several verb forms. Verbs may be have finiteness (finite verbs) or lack finiteness (non-finite verbs); finite verbs have a subject, whereas non-finite verbs don't. Non-finite verb forms can be split into participles and infinitives.
Grammatical properties[edit | edit source]
Pedagogy[edit | edit source]
Verbs are "doing words".
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Chapter 3 in A Student’s Introduction to English Grammar.
References[edit | edit source]
- Lyons, John(1977) Semantics, Cambridge: CUP