Unwritten sounds

From Teflpedia
IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/

A few English words have unwritten sounds, as the following examples show. The symbol in parentheses shows the unwritten sound.

Unwritten /ə/[edit]

  • could(ə)n't, should(ə)n't, would(ə)n't
  • does(ə)n't, has(ə)n't, is(ə)n't, mustn't /ˈmʌsənt/
  • Edinburgh(ə) /ˈedɪnbrə,BrE ˈedɪnˌbɜːrəAmE/
  • cent(ə)ringBrE/centeringAmE

/əm/. See main article: IPA phonetic symbol [m̩]

  • /zəm/: alcoholis(ə)m, criticis(ə)m, enthusias(ə)m, feminis(ə)m, mechanis(ə)m, optimis(ə)m, orgas(ə)m, pris(ə)m, sarcas(ə)m, touris(ə)m
  • /ðəm/: algorith(ə)m, logarith(ə)m, ryth(ə)m

/ə/ as apostrophe

  • could've, should've, would've, must've
  • it'd, it'll

Unwritten /ɪ/[edit]

See also Pronunciation of the morpheme “-s”

  • church’(ɪ)s, Dennis’(ɪ)s, fish’(ɪ)s, Leeds’(ɪ)s

Unwritten /h/[edit]

  • thresh(h)old

Unwritten /r/[edit]

  • AmE: hors d'oeu(r)vre /ˌɔːr ˈdɜːrv/

Unwritten /t/[edit]

  • eigh(t)th

Unwritten /w/[edit]

  • (w)one, (w)once

Trademarks[edit]

  • Flick(ə)r, Grind(ə)r, Tumbl(ə)r

See also[edit]

External links[edit]