Too

From Teflpedia

Too (/tu:/) is an English adverb, with two main uses as a focusing adverb and as a degree adverb.

Focusing adverb[edit | edit source]

Meaning[edit | edit source]

As a focusing adverb, too has one meaning to effect focus, meaning "likewise" or "in addition".[1]

form[edit | edit source]

Generally it's used in end position:

"Alice likes cake. Bob likes cake too."

Less commonly too can go in mid-posiion:

"Alice likes cake. Bob too likes cake".

Too cannot be used with a negative, for which we have to use not+either instead:

"Alice doesn't like chocolate-orange. Bob doesn't like chocolate orange either."

Not:

*"Alice doesn't like chocolate-orange. Bob doesn't like chocolate orange too."


EFL learners may struggle with this grammar point.

Degree adverb[edit | edit source]

Meaning[edit | edit source]

As a degree adverb, too indicates excess

Form[edit | edit source]

Too can be used to modify either adjectives or adverbs.

"She is too quiet." (adjective)
"She talks too quietly." (adverb)

However, too never modifies verbs. In this regard it is similar to very. The phrase too much can be used instead to indicate excess of a verb. [example?]

Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

Too is a homophone with the strong form of the preposition to, and of the number two.

References[edit | edit source]