Threshold hypothesis

From Teflpedia

The threshold hypothesis is a hypothesis in second language acquisition set forth in a study by Jim Cummins (1976[1]) that stated that a minimum threshold in language proficiency must be passed before a second-language speaker can reap any benefits from language. It also states that, in order to gain proficiency in a second language, the learner must also have passed a certain and age appropriate level of competence in his or her first language.[2]

References[edit]

  1. Cummins J. (1976). The influence of bilingualism on cognitive growth: a synthesis of research findings and explanatory hypotheses. Work. Pap. Biling. 9, 1–43 :
  2. {{cite web |title=Bilingual Language Acquisition |author=Charlotte Franson |date=2 May 2009 |work=National Association for Language Development in the Curriculum (NALDIC): ITTSEAL website |publisher=National Association for Language Development in the Curriculum }}