Spelling exercises: /ks/

From Teflpedia

The sequence /ks/ can be spelled in several ways.

At the end of the word[edit | edit source]

As "x"[edit | edit source]

  • box, complex, fix, fox, index, mix, sex, relax, tax

As "xe"[edit | edit source]

As "cs"[edit | edit source]

  • economics, ethics, mathematics, politics, statistics
  • Plurals: acrostics, almanacs, antibiotics, crocs, fanatics, italics, maniacs, plastics

As "ks"[edit | edit source]

  • Plurals: books, risks, thanks, weeks
  • Third person of verbs: looks, talks, thinks, works

As "kes"[edit | edit source]

  • Plurals: bikes, jokes, lakes, mistakes, strikes
  • Third person of verbs: likes, makes, shakes, smokes, takes

As "cks"[edit | edit source]

  • Plurals: blocks, clocks, rocks, sticks, stocks
  • Third person of verbs: attacks, checks, locks, picks

As "chs"[edit | edit source]

  • Plurals: epochs, matriarchs, monarchs, patriarchs, stomachs

As "ques"[edit | edit source]

  • Plurals: cliques, cheques,BrE mosques, techniques

Between vowels[edit | edit source]

As "x"[edit | edit source]

  • boxer, complexity, mixing, perplexity, taxes

Note that "x" can sound /gz/ as in "example". See Decoding the letter X.

As "xc"[edit | edit source]

  • excellent, except, excite

As "cc"[edit | edit source]

  • accept, access, accident, succeed, success

As "cz"[edit | edit source]

  • eczema: /ˈeksɪmə, ˈegzəmə,AmE ɪɡˈziːməAmE/

Before a consonant sound[edit | edit source]

As "x"[edit | edit source]

  • exchange, exclude, expect, experience, explain, express, next
  • Past tense of verbs: fixed, mixed, relaxed, taxed

As "cs"[edit | edit source]

  • ecstasy

As "kes"[edit | edit source]

  • jokester, spokesman, spokesperson, spokeswoman

Table[edit | edit source]

Position cc chs cks cs cz ks kes x xc
End stomachs clocks mathematics books jokes box
Between vowels accept quicksand facsimile eczema lakeside boxer excellent
Before a consonant dachshund backspace ecstasy bookstore spokesman explain

Cells in grey are compound words.

/ks/ in compound words[edit | edit source]

  • As "ks": bookstore
  • As "kes": lakeside, smokescreen
  • As "cs": facsimile
  • As "cks"
  • Between vowels: backseat, quicksand, quicksilver, rucksack,BrE tracksuit
  • Before a consonant: backspace, backstage, backstreet, backstroke, trickster
  • As "chs": dachshund