Pronunciation exercises: /d/ vs /t/

From Teflpedia

t

stuffed
/stʌft/

d

loved
/lʌvd/

/d/ is a voiced consonant. /t/ is an unvoiced consonant.

/d/[edit]

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/
  • with initial /d/: day - did - do;
  • with final /d/: and - bad - bed;
  • initial and final: dad - dead - did;
  • past tense: answered - loved - played - waited

/t/[edit]

  • with inital /t/: ten - two/too;
  • with final /t/: bat - but - put;
  • past tense: asked - jumped - laughed - missed - passed - pushed

/d/ vs /t/[edit]

See more minimal pairs ending in /t/ or /d/ in next section.

  • aid - eight; bad - bat; bed - bet; bid - bit; bride - bright; code - coat; dead - debt; do - two/too; down - town; dry - try; fade - fate; had - hat; hard - heart; hide - height; inside - insight; mad - mat; ride - right/write; slide - slight;
  • Past tense of verbs: bend - bent; bowled - bolt; broad - brought; complained - complaint; learnedAmE - learntBrE; lend - lent; sad - sat; send - sent/cent; spelledAmE - spelt;BrE spend - spent;

This is not a minimal pair: dreamedAmE /driːmd/ - dreamtBrE /dremt/

Exercise[edit]

An interesting exercise to get students to pronounce these endings correctly, or at least be aware of the problems, is to spell out a series of "base" words and get 'em to come up with the variations finishing in /t/ or /d/:

"base" word with /t/ with /d/
an ant and
be - bee beat bead
bill built build - billed
car cart card
fee feet feed
greyBrE - grayAmE great greyedBrE - grayedAmE - grade
he heat he'd - heed
her hurt heard
may mate made
men meant mend
play plate played
ray rate raid
see - sea - C seat seed
sigh sight - site - cite side - sighed
star start starred
stay state stayed
ten tent tend
tie tight tied - tide
way - weigh wait - weight weighed - wade
we wheat weed - we'd
why white wide

Spanish L1[edit]

References[edit]


See also[edit]

External links[edit]