Pronunciation exercises: /dʒ/ vs /tʃ/

From Teflpedia

church /tʃɜːrtʃ/

jump /dʒʌmp/

/dʒ/ is voiced and /tʃ/ is voiceless.

Minimal pairs[edit]

batch - badge; chain - Jane; cherry - Jerry; chest - jest; chin - gin; choice - Joice; choke - joke; choose - jews; etch - edge; march - Marge; rich - ridge; search - surge

/tʃ/ or /dʒ/[edit]

Some words spelled with "ch" have an alternate pronunciation with /dʒ/.

  • sandwich: /ˈsænwɪtʃ, ˈsænwɪdʒ/
  • spinach: /ˈspɪnɪtʃ, ˈspɪnɪdʒ/
  • Greenwich /ˈgrɪnɪdʒ, ˈgrɪnɪtʃ, ˈgrenɪtʃ, ˈgrenɪdʒ/
  • Norwich /ˈnɒrɪdʒ, ˈnɒrɪtʃ/
  • congratulations /kənˌɡrætʃʊˈleɪʃənz,BrE kənˌɡrætʃəˈleɪʃənz,AmE kənˌɡrædʒəˈleɪʃənzAmE/[1] The pronunciation with /dʒ/, even if it is recognized by Random House is regarded by some as informal or sloppy.[2]


  1. Unabridged. Random House, Inc. congratulation.
  2. Charles Harrington Elster, The Big Book of Beastly Mispronunciations: The Complete Opinionated Guide for the Careful Speaker, 1999, page 104. Available in Google Books.

See also[edit]