Pronunciation exercises: /dʒ/ vs /tʃ/

From Teflpedia

church /tʃɜːrtʃ/

jump /dʒʌmp/

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/


/dʒ/ is voiced and /tʃ/ is voiceless.

Minimal pairs[edit]

batch - badge; chain - Jane; cherry - Jerry; chest - jest; chin - gin; choice - Joice; choke - joke; choose - jews; etch - edge; march - Marge; rich - ridge; search - surge

/tʃ/ or /dʒ/[edit]

Some words spelled with "ch" have an alternate pronunciation with /dʒ/.

  • sandwich: /ˈsænwɪtʃ, ˈsænwɪdʒ/
  • spinach: /ˈspɪnɪtʃ, ˈspɪnɪdʒ/
  • Greenwich /ˈgrɪnɪdʒ, ˈgrɪnɪtʃ, ˈgrenɪtʃ, ˈgrenɪdʒ/
  • Norwich /ˈnɒrɪdʒ, ˈnɒrɪtʃ/
Other
  • congratulations /kənˌɡrætʃʊˈleɪʃənz,BrE kənˌɡrætʃəˈleɪʃənz,AmE kənˌɡrædʒəˈleɪʃənzAmE/[1] The pronunciation with /dʒ/, even if it is recognized by Random House is regarded by some as informal or sloppy.[2]

References[edit]

  1. Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. congratulation.
  2. Charles Harrington Elster, The Big Book of Beastly Mispronunciations: The Complete Opinionated Guide for the Careful Speaker, 1999, page 104. Available in Google Books.

See also[edit]