Pronunciation exercises: /əʊ/ vs /ɔː/

From Teflpedia

ɔː

bald /bɔːld/

əʊ

bold /bəʊld/

Together with the page possible pronunciation difficulties, this page sets out some common words teachers can use to help their students become more aware of how they can improve their pronunciation of the vowel sounds /əʊ/ and /ɔː/.

/ɔː/ is a monophthong and /əʊ/ is a diphthong. Both sounds are not very similar, but /əʊ/ in American English sounds [oʊ] and [o] is similar to [ɔː].

/əʊ/[edit]

  • with "oa": boat - coast - coat - foam - goal - toast
  • with "ow": blow - bowl - flow - know - low - own - show - snow - throw
  • with "o" and magic e: bone - choke - close - cone - gnome - hole - home - hope - phone - Rome - stone - tone - vote
  • with "o": both - go - mobile - notable - only - open - over - program
  • with "ol": cold - control - fold - gold - hold - old - poll - roll - sold - told
  • with "os": ghost - host - most
  • with "ou": although - shoulder - soul - though

homophones: hole - whole; loan - lone; poll - pole; roll - role; soul - sole;

/ɔː/[edit]

Some common words containing /ɔː/ include the following:

  • with "oa": abroad - broad
  • with "ough": ought - thought
past tense and past participle: bought - brought - fought - sought - thought
  • with "a": water;
  • with "al": almost - already - alter - always - chalk - false - salt (also /sɒlt/BrE) - talk - walk
  • with "all": ball - call - fall - hall - mall - small - walk - wall
  • with "aw": dawn - flaw - hawk - jaw - law - lawn - raw - saw - shawl - thaw - yawn
  • with "au": auction - August - author - autumn - cause - clause - daughter - fault - launch
past tense and past participle: caught - taught

/əʊ/ vs /ɔː/[edit]

  • Minimal pairs: boat - bought; bold - bald; bowl - ball; coal - call; coat - caught; choke - chalk; close (v.) - clause; cold - called; flow - flaw; hole - hall; Joe - jaw; low - law; poll - Paul; row - raw; sew - saw; woke - walk;
  • These words don't rhyme: road - broad

Received Pronunciation[edit]

Since /r/ before a consonant is silent in Received Pronunciation, the following minimal pairs exist:

  • bone - born; poke - pork;

General American[edit]

In some cases /ɒ/BrE is /ɔː/.AmE

  • coast - cost; own - on; won't - want;

Spanish L1[edit]

See Pronunciation exercises: /əʊ/ vs /ɒ/ § Spanish L1.

References[edit]


See also[edit]

External links[edit]