Pronunciation exercises: /ɒrV/ vs /ɔːrV/
This page sets out some common words teachers can use to help their students become more aware of how they can improve their pronunciation of the sequences /ɒr/ and /ɔːr/ when they are followed by a vowel.
Distinctions by dialect[edit | edit source]
|Atlantic American English||[ɑː]||[ɑː]||[ɔː]|
Common words[edit | edit source]
- as "or": foreign - forest - historical - majority - moral - orange - origin - priority
- as "orr": borrow* - correspond - sorry* - tomorrow*
- as "or": boring - explorer - moreover - story
Less common words[edit | edit source]
Proper nouns[edit | edit source]
- /ɒ/: Dorothy - Florence - Florida - Oregon
- /ɔː/: Dora
Spelling rule[edit | edit source]
The sequence "orr" is pronounced /ɔː/ in Received Pronunciation only in verbs ending in "or". There is only one such a verb that appears in normal dictionaries:
- from abhor: abhorred, abhorring
Note that "abhorrent" /əbˈhɒrənt/ is an adjective, not a verb.
Variant pronunciations /ɒr/ vs /ɔːr/[edit | edit source]
In addition to the distinctions by dialect there are some specific words.
- oral: most dictionaries have /ɔːr/ but Collins Dictionary gives the additional variant /ɒr/ for British English.
Difference between "oral" and "aural"[edit | edit source]
|Unmerged "horse" and "hoarse"||/ˈoərəl/||/ˈɔːrəl/|
|Variant pronunciation of "oral"||/ˈɒrəl/||/ˈɔːrəl/|
In a few regions of the United States "horse" and "hoarse" are pronounced differently /hɔːrs, hoərs/. These accents are said to have "horse" and "hoarse" unmerged.
References[edit | edit source]
- Wikipedia, English-language vowel changes before historic /r/ § Mergers of /ɒr-/ and /ɔːr-/. Retreived 13 December 2016.
- Collins English Dictionary, oral, section "oral in British".