Pronunciation exercises: /ɒ/ vs /ɔː/
/ɒ/ and /ɔː/ can be easily confused. Moreover there are many native speakers who don't make a difference. See Cot-caught merger. However, to have a good accent in Received Pronunciation it is best to be able to make the difference.
Some common words containing /ɔː/ include the following:
- with "oa": abroad - broad
- with "ough": bought - brought - fought - ought - thought
- with "a": water
- with "al": almost - already - alter - always - chalk - false - salt - talk - walk
- with "all": ball - call - fall - hall - mall - small - talk - walk - wall
- with "aw": dawn - hawk - lawn - shawl - yawn
- with "au": auction - August - author - autumn - caught - cause - clause - daughter - fault - launch - taught
- with "or": afford - born - cork - fork - horse - lord - pork - short - storm - sword
- with "oar": board
- with "our": court
- with "ar": quarter - warm - warn
Words ending in /ɔː/ or /ɔːr/. These words can't be confused, because /ɒ/ can't appear in this environment-
- with "aw": law, raw, saw
- with "our": four, pour
- bored - board;
- BE: court - caught; stork - stalk.
V is any vowel.
- boring - choral - glory - Laura - storage - story
- with "o": doll - golf - hot - lot - off - on - stop - top;
- with "ong": long - song - strong - wrong;
- others: gone - knowledge - want - what.
V is any vowel.
- with "o": borrow - foreign - horror - orange - sorrow - sorry - tomorrow
- with "a": warrant - warranty
/ɒ/ vs /ɔː/
- cot - caught; Don - Dawn
- coral - choral
- often - orphan: /ɒ/ vs /ɔː/ in Received Pronunciation. /ɔː/ vs /ɔːr/ in General American. And at both sides of the Atlantic the "t" of "often" may be pronounced.
- Lost States, Say "Don." Say "Dawn." Now I know where you live, April 2011.