Pronunciation /prənʌnsɪeɪʃən/ may refer to:
- The standard sound of a word when spoken.
- The way that a particular individual pronounces a word. See Accent.
- The action of speaking.
- The way a particular written word is pronounced. This is very important for EFL students. See Decoding written words.
- Different accents pronounce different phonemes differently.
- British and American /əʊ/ sound differently. For example "goat" is [goʊt]AmE and [gəʊt].BrE Australian "goat" is [gəʉt].
- In Received Pronunciation /r/ is omited at the end of the word or before a consonant. "Start" is [stɑːrt]AmE and [stɑːt].BrE See Rhotic and non-rhotic accent.
- Different accents pronounce some words with different phonemes
- "Laugh" is /læf/AmE and /lɑːf/BrE
- "Hurry" and "furry" are /ˈhɜːriː/AmE and /ˈfɜːriː/AmE; /ˈhʌriː/BrE and /ˈfɜːriː/.BrE
- Different dialects have pronunciation differences that don't obey a general rule
- "Clerk" is /klɑːrk/BrE and /klɜːrk/.AmE See American English v. British English - Pronunciation - Specific.
- Some variant pronunciations exist in one dialect and other dialects have only one pronunciation.
- The word "perhaps" is pronounced /pərˈhæps/ both in British and American English. The variant /præps/ exists ony in British English.
- The word "process" is pronounced /ˈprɒses/AmE and /ˈprəʊses/.BrE However in American English the variant /ˈprəʊses/ is also heard.
- Some variant pronunciations exists across several dialects
- applicable /əˈplɪkəbl, ˈæplɪkəbl/
- different /ˈdɪfərənt, ˈdɪfrənt/. See Varisyllabic words.
- direct /dəˈrekt, dɪˈrekt, daɪˈrekt/
- economic /ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪk, ˌekəˈnɒmɪk/
- either /ˈaɪðər, ˈiːðər/
- envelope /ˈenvələʊp, ˈɒnvələʊp/
- greasy /ˈɡriːsiː, ˈɡriːziː/