Possible pronunciation difficulties

From Teflpedia
IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/
This article is about difficulties trying to repeat a word after listening to it. For reading difficulties see Decoding difficulties.

Possible pronunciation difficulties refer to the anticipated difficulties students may encounter with the characteristics of English pronunciation. Depending on their mother tongue (L1), they may have difficulty distinguishing between certain vowel and consonant sounds, not to mention consonant clusters.

More often than not, these supposed difficulties depend more on the interference of L1 than on the actual difficulties posed by English, and many, if not most students will greatly improve their pronunciation by simply becoming aware of certain differences - together with a minimum of practice.

This page outlines some of the difficulties of certain sounds in individual words and links to pages with specific exercises. Intonation, linking and stress, both for individual words and for sentence stress, are also, of course, of vital importance not only in speaking "better" English, but also in understanding speech.

Vowel sounds[edit]

See: Pronunciation exercises: /əʊ/ vs /ɒ/
See: Pronunciation exercises: /ʌ/ vs /æ/
See: Pronunciation exercises: /ɪ/ vs /iː/
See: Pronunciation exercises: /eɪ/ vs /aɪ/

Consonant sounds[edit]

See: Pronunciation exercises: /b/ vs /v/
See: Pronunciation exercises: /d/ vs /t/ (bad vs. bat)
See: Past tense pronunciation (logged vs. locked)
See: Pronunciation exercises: /d/ vs /ð/
See: Pronunciation exercises: /dʒ/ vs /tʃ/
See: Lesson:L vs R
See: Pronunciation and decoding exercises: /s/ vs /z/
See: Pronunciation exercises: /ʃ/ vs /tʃ/
See: Pronunciation exercises: /θ/ vs /ð/
See: Pronunciation exercises: /ʒ/ vs /ʃ/

References[edit]


See also[edit]

External links[edit]