In English, these are taught to EFL learners by means of exemplification. This is widely noted as being a pedagogic grammar oversimplification. However, it covers the major types of conditionals, with less common types obvious in meaning to advanced learners who encounter them. They are generally taught in the order zero, first, second, third.
|Name||Example||Factual or counterfactual?||Condition time||Consequence time||Once or many times?|
|Zero conditional||If I get an email, I read it.||Factual||General||General||Many times|
|First conditional||If you don’t water this plant, it will die.||Factual||Present or future||Present or future||Once|
|Second conditional||If I had a lot of money, I would buy a sports car.||Counterfactual||present or future||Present or future||Once|
|Third conditional||If you hadn’t gone running, you wouldn’t have hurt yourself.||Counterfactual||Past||Past||Once|