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From Teflpedia
(Redirected from Nouns)

A noun (/naʊn/) is a word class

A noun can be the subject or the object of a sentence in English. Coursebook, computer, and website are all nouns.

Meaning[edit | edit source]

In terms of meaning, nouns may be classed as proper nouns or common nouns. Common nouns may be abstract nouns or concrete nouns.

Form[edit | edit source]

Class membership[edit | edit source]

Noun class membership is pretty clear.

Noun formation (nominalisation)[edit | edit source]

Nouns are an open class. Noun formation (nominalisation) is generally achieved by suffixation of a noun suffix to other words, or by zero-derivation.

Properties[edit | edit source]

Nouns express grammatical number and must be either singular or plural. They must also have grammatical case, though for English nouns a distinction is made only between common case case and genitive case; it’s possible to syntactically determine the case from a noun’s relationship with a verb, i.e. whether it is a subject or an object. Nouns can have grammatical gender, though most English nouns are neuter (i.e. lack gender).

Nouns form the phrasal head of noun phrases. They can be modified by adjectives, and determined by determiners.

Pedagogy[edit | edit source]

Nouns can be described as “naming words.” A commonly used pedagogical expression is that a noun is “a person, place or thing” — but this excludes ideas, so “a person, place, thing or idea” might be a better suggestion.

Adjective[edit | edit source]

The adjective meaning “related to (a) noun(s)” can be nominal (though this can be ambiguous); nounal may be preferred or use noun as a modifier noun.

Further reading[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]