Noun

From Teflpedia

A noun (/naʊn/) is a word that means a thing, either concrete or abstract. A noun can be the subject or the object of a sentence in English. Coursebook, computer, and website are all nouns.

While it is known that children learn nouns faster than verbs and that adults "usually perform better for nouns than verbs", research published in February 2010 suggested that nouns are processed in a different part of the brain from verbs.[1]

Compound noun[edit | edit source]

See main article compound noun.

A compound noun is a noun phrase made up of two nouns, e.g. bus driver, in which the first noun acts a sort of adjective for the second one.

Proper noun[edit | edit source]

See main article Proper noun.

A noun that is the name of a person or a place. Despite far-reaching attempts by the worlds of advertising and publishing to prove otherwise, we use capital letters at the beginning of proper nouns in English.

Gerunds[edit | edit source]

See main article gerund.

Many nouns, especially for activities, are formed by adding -ing to a verb: cooking, diving, driving, learning, meeting, running, shooting, swimming, etc.;

Science[edit | edit source]

Many (scientific) disciplines end in -ics: astrophysics; economics, geophysics; linguistics, mathematics, physics, statistics, etc.:

  • Such words are grammatically singular when they refer to the discipline: Statistics is an essential area of knowledge for psychologists (as a science);
  • When they refer to them as numbers or a quality, they are plural: These statistics are surprising (as numbers);

Two or more meanings[edit | edit source]

Over 80% of words in English have two or more meanings, and obviously a large number are nouns: hearing = a sense and a court session; fine – noun + verb + adjective

Many nouns correspond to the verb, often, but not always with a similar meaning:

Same/similar meaning[edit | edit source]

attack; brush, guarantee; programme; protest; regret; slice; smoke, water; etc.;

Different meaning[edit | edit source]

back; book; chair, face; ring; sign; table; trip; etc.;

Suffixes[edit | edit source]

  • There are 10 typical suffixes for nouns formed from verbs, adjectives or even other nouns; see noun suffix.

References[edit | edit source]