Masculine–feminine pair

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A masculine–feminine pair or gender pair is a pair of words having related meanings but where one is typically masculine and the other typically feminine.

Examples in English, mainly nouns. Many personal names have masculine and feminine forms, e.g. Paul (m) Paula/Paulette/Pauline (f). There are few gendered adjectives in English, the most common one being né(e).


Examples[edit | edit source]

Pronouns[edit | edit source]

Masculine pronoun Feminine pronoun Notes
he she
him her
his her
his hers
himself herself

Family nouns[edit | edit source]

Masculine noun Feminine noun Meaning
boy girl child
gentleman lady respectable person
husband wife spouse
fiancé fiancée fiancé(e)
man woman adult human
brother sister sibling
uncle aunt One’s parent’s sibling
widower widow A person whose spouse is deceased.
nephew niece One’s sibling’s child
dad mum/mom parent
father mother parent
son daughter child
bachelor spinster unmarried person

There’s also a whole set of animals and a whole set of aristocratic ranks.

aristocratic ranks[edit | edit source]

Masculine noun Feminine noun Meaning
baron baroness
duke duchess
count countess
earl countess
emperor empress
king queen
knight dame
lord lady
marquess marchioness
prince princess
viscount viscountess