Masculine

From Teflpedia

Masculine (/mæskju:lɪn/) is a grammatical gender and noun class.

In English, a masculine noun always belongs to the personal gender, never the impersonal gender, and within the personal gender contrasts with the feminine gender. Most people who are referred to using masculine nouns are biologically male, though many are not. Masculine nouns are also often used to refer to male animals. The masculine pronouns in English are "he", "him", "his", and "himself", and all these are third person singular.

Many words can refer to either masculine or feminine nouns - these are dual gender. Those that refer to masculine, feminine or neuter nouns are common gender.

A good test for a masculine noun is to imagine which pronoun can be used to refer to it when restricted to third person singular pronouns; if "he" (etc) is used, then as a consequence of concord, the noun is masculine.

Examples of masculine nouns in English[edit]

Type Examples
Pronouns he, him, his, himself
Personal names Andrew, Dave, James, John, etc, etc, etc
Nouns for describing people boy, gentleman, man, master
Personal title Mr (mister)
Family-related nouns bachelor, brother, father, fiancé, nephew, son, uncle, widower
Demonyms Dutchman, Englishman, Filipino, Frenchman, Irishman, Latino, Manxman, Scotsman, Welshman, Yorkshireman
Gendered job titles waiter, schoolmaster, compounds with -man (e.g. policeman, salesman, etc)
Noun phrase with a masculine noun modifier or adjective "boy scout", "male student", etc
Aristocratic ranks baron, baronet, count, duke, earl, emperor, king, knight, marquess, prince, viscount
Male animals boar, bull, bullock, ram, stag, steer, etc.
Insults dick, prick, tosser, wanker, etc

Gender-neutral language, which uses the common gender to cover both masculine, feminine and non-binary is preferred by many especially in formal registers of contemporary English. This is less common however in historical English.

Unlike many other languages, English does not have gender concord whereby other related words must agree with the gender of the noun.