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Latin alphabet

From Teflpedia
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The Latin alphabet (/lætɪn ælfəbet/), also known as the Roman alphabet (/rəʊmən ælfəbet/) is the most widespread writing system in the world, and the one nearly always used for English.

It consists of 26 letters: A, B, C, D, E, F, G,H, I, J, K L M N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y and Z. Each of these letters has both an uppercase and lower case form.

Table[edit | edit source]

Uppercase Letter Lowercase letter Name Pronunciation of name Number Consonant or vowel
A a ay /eɪ/ 1 Vowel
B b bee /bi:/ 2 Consonant
C c cee /si:/ 3 Consonant
D d dee /di:/ 4 Consonant
E e ee /i:/ 5 Vowel
F f eff /ef/ 6 Consonant
G g gee /ʤi:/ 7 Consonant
H h aitch /eɪʧ/ 8 Consonant
I i aye /aɪ/ 9 Vowel
J j jay /ʤeɪ/ 10 Consonant
K k kay /keɪ/ 11 Consonant
L l el /el/ 12 Consonant
M m em /em/ 13 Consonant
N n en /en/ 14 Consonant
O o oh /əʊ/ 15 Vowel
P p pee /pi:/ 16 Consonant
Q q cue /kju:/ 17 Consonant
R r ar /ɑ:/ 18 Consonant
S s ess /es/ 19 Consonant
T t tee /ti:/ 20 Consonant
U u you /ju:/ 21 Vowel
V v vee /vi:/ 22 Consonant
W w double-you /dʌbəlju:/ 23 Consonant
X x ex /eks/ 24 Consonant
Y y wye /waɪ/ 25 Consonant
Z z zed or zee /zed/ or /zi:/ 26 Consonant

Within Europe there are several variations of these basic letters, including Ññ in Spanish, Öö in Swedish, Çç in French, Ww in many languages, and so on.

Teaching/reviewing the alphabet[edit | edit source]

One method of presenting/reviewing the alphabet is eliciting them and putting them up on the board by associating sounds as follows:

  • Some of these letters are homophones: b' = be/bee; c = see/sea; i = eye/I; p = pea; q = queue; r = are; t = tea; u = you; y = why
  • Don’t forget we say “double-b” or “double-r,” etc. when we spell aloud, because these letters are just two of the many consonant letters (and some vowel letters, e.g. skiing) we can double in English: aardvark; bubble; accent; ladder; speed; stuff; luggage; fishhook; skiing; hajj; trekking; pillow; summer; dinner; book; supper; mirror; passing; butter; vacuum; savvy; glowworm; buzzer;


  • z is pronounced /zed/BrE, or /ziː/AmE;
  • h is pronounced /eɪʧ/, though the Irish and increasing numbers of British people pronounce it /heɪʧ/
  • French learners may confuse I and E since /i:/ English E sounds like /i/ - French I.