Jim Cummins

From Teflpedia

James (Jim) Cummins is a Canadian linguist.

He works at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto where he works on language development and literacy development of learners of English as an additional language. In 1979 Cummins coined the acronyms BICS and CALP to refer to processes that help a teacher to qualify a student's language proficiency.

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