International Phonetic Alphabet
Note: Do not confuse with the spelling alphabet commonly know as the NATO phonetic alphabet which uses words to spell out the letters of the alphabet, as in Alpha, Bravo, Charlie, Delta, etc.
IPA to speech synthesiser
There seem to be very few applications which take IPA text and convert it to sound, though this experimental one from AT&T seems to work.
You will need to enter this code <phoneme alphabet="ipa" ph="ˈwɛlkəm"> </phoneme> in the box, and replace the word "ˈwɛlkəm" with the IPA text you want to hear.
Please note that it doesn't always work perfectly.
The following is a standard chart for sounds in any language. Each symbol represents a precise sound.
IPA for English phonemes
Every language needs an adaptation of the chart in the previous section for its phonemes. For example intervocalic English phoneme /t/ is represented in the table by the symbols [t], [ʔ] and [ɾ], which describe the "t" sound used in different dialects. /t/ on the other hand, is any sound perceived by English speakers as being the same as in better [ˈbɛtəɹ, ˈbɛʔə, ˈbɛɾəɹ] which in broad or phonemic notation is /ˈbetər/.
- IPA vowel phonemes for Received Pronunciation
|fleece - happy||kit||foot||goose||near||face|
|dress||comma - letter||nurse||thought
north - force
|trap||strut||bath - start
|lot - cloth||square||price||mouth|
- IPA vowel phonemes for General American
In this table we use /oʊ/ instead of /əʊ/ and /ɛ/ instead of /e/, as is customary in American dictionaries. However in Teflpedia we use /əʊ/ and /e/ for uniformity. Most American Dictionaries prefer /ɑ, ɜ, i, ɔ, u/ instead of /ɑː, ɜː, iː, ɔː, uː/.
|fleece - happy||kit - near||foot - cure||goose||face|
|dress - square||comma - letter||nurse||thought - cloth
north - force
|trap - bath||strut||start - palm - lot||price||mouth|
- IPA consonant phonemes