Palatal nasal

From Teflpedia

ɲ

piñata [piˈɲata]

The IPA phonetic symbol [ ɲ][1] represents a palatal nasal that does not occur in English, but is very similar to /nj/. In Spanish it is "ñ", in Portuguese it is "nh", and in French and Italian it is "gn".

Borrowings form other languages normally replace the [ ɲ] sound by /nj/.[2]

  • from French
champagne: /ʃæmˈpeɪn/
cognac: /ˈkɒnjæk/BrE, ˈkəʊnjækAmE/
Cologne: /kəˈləʊn/
poignant /ˈpɔɪnjənt/
  • from Italian
gnocchi: /ˈnjɒkɪ/
lasagne,BrE lasagnaAmE: /ləˈzænjə/
  • from Quechua (via Spanish)
vicuña: /vɪˈkuːnjə/
  • from Spanish
El Niño current: /el ˈniːnjəʊ/
jalapeño: /hæləˈpeɪnjəʊBrE, hɑːləˈpeɪnjəʊAmE/
piñata: /pɪnˈjɑːtə/
piña colada: /piːnə kəˈlɑːdə, piːnjə kəʊˈlɑːdə/
  • from Tupi (via Portuguese)
piranha: /pɪˈrɑːnəBrE, pɪˈrɑːnjəAmE/

References[edit | edit source]

  1. For technical reasons double brackets appear on the page title.
  2. John Wells's phonetic blog, ɲ, 31 May 2009.