IPA phoneme /m/
In English, both in Received Pronunciation and in General American, the IPA phonetic symbol /m/ corresponds to the initial consonant sound in words like "make" and "meet" and the final one in "team" and "arm".
The phoneme /m/ is spelled very reliably with the letter M, lowercase m (pronounced /em/). M is silent in the word "mnemonic".
Initial pronunciation of /m/:
- make - man - many - market - may - me - mean - meet - money - more - most - move - much - must
Medial pronunciation of /m/:
- almost - common - company - example - family - important - information - number - recommend - small - something - summer - woman
Final pronunciation of /m/:
- arm - column - come - from - him - home - name - problem - same - some - system - team - them - time
Normally double "m" is pronounced as a single /m/ (as in "summer" or "common"). In the following examples two /m/'s are pronounced.
- roommate, teammate
Other examples of /m.m/
- homemade, homemaker
The prefix "in" becomes "im" before "m" and only one /m/ is pronounced.
- immature, immediate, immigrant, immoral, immune
Anticipated pronunciation difficulties depending on L1
Preconceived ideas and other interferences from L1 obviously interfere in many cases with how students perceive - and pronounce - sounds/words in English. The following section aims to point out some of the most typical difficulties teachers and students may encounter regarding pronunciation.