Same pronunciation[edit | edit source]
Words that have the same spelling, the same pronunciation and different meaning are called homonyms.
- arm: body part; gun
- bank: financial services; side of a river
- bear: n. animal; v. accept
- left: past tense of leave; opposite of right
- spring: season after winter; twisted wire; water that comes from underground
- trunk: part of a tree; nose of an elephant; back of a carAmE (bootBrE)
Different pronunciation[edit | edit source]
Words that have the same spelling, different pronunciation and different meaning are called heteronyms.
- bass: /bæs/ a type of fish; /beɪs/ a musical instrument; a deep sounding voice.
- bow: /baʊ/ bend down in respect; front of a ship; /bəʊ/ a weapon; a decorative knot.
- close: /kləʊs/ adj. near; /kləʊz/ v. shut.
- dove: /dʌv/ a kind of bird; /dəʊv/ past tense of dive (also dived).
- lead: /liːd/ to go ahead; /led/ a grey metal used in the past for pipes.
- moped: /məʊpt/ to be depressed; /ˈməʊped/ a motorized bike.
- minute: /ˈmɪnɪt/ part of an hour; /maɪˈnjuːt/ very small.
- present: /ˈpreznət/ a gift; existing now; /prɪˈzent/ to introduce, show, exhibit.
- refuse: /rɪˈfjuːz/ won’t do something; /ˈrefjuːs/ trash, junk.
- sewer: /ˈsuːər/ smelly underground pipes; /ˈsəʊər/ person or thing that sews
- tear: /teər/ to rip; /tɪər/a drop of water from the eye.