Meaning[edit | edit source]
Form[edit | edit source]
Noun[edit | edit source]
Preposition[edit | edit source]
Home is a preposition, as in:
- "I'm going home"
Traditional grammar analyses "home" as an adverb; however there are few (if any) similar words that are adverbs. We don't say e.g. *"I'm going school", *"I'm going work", etc. Huddleston and Pullum (2002) analyse "home" as a preposition.
Comparison of noun v. preposition =[edit | edit source]
So we have two main forms (1) as a noun and (2) as a preposition. Contrast the meaning of "I don't want to be sent home" vs. "I don't want to be sent to a home" - the noun means "a house" (implying an institution of some kind, perhaps an old people's home, a children's home or a psychiatric hospital), but the preposition expresses definiteness and possession of the home.
Pedagogy[edit | edit source]
EFL learners often produce errors such as *"I'm going to home" by analogy with going to other places, e.g. "I'm going to school", "I'm going to the shop", "I'm going to work", etc. There are ways to get "home" to parse as a noun, but they require use of a determiner e.g. "I'm going to my home" or "I'm going to the home".
It's probably not worth trying to explain the grammar to EFL learners as it will likely just confuse them. They just have to learn "I'm going home" as a special case.
Learners may also confuse "house" and "home"