A gerund (/ʤerʌnd/) is an -ing form derived from a verb, that acts as a noun, corresponding in most cases to an action or activity.
- Smoking is bad for you
- I like reading
- Olympic sports such as swimming, weightlifting and fencing.
Students often use the base form of the verb instead, e.g. *"I like read books", though sometimes this processing error produces sentences that actually parse, e.g. "I like dance".
Gerunds can be modified either by adverbs that go after them or adjective in precede them.
- "Running quickly is an advantage." (adverb)
- "Quick running is an advantage." (adjective)
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