A gerund (/ʤerʌnd/) is a noun, corresponding in most cases to an action or activity. It is identical in form to the present participle, that is, the "-ing" form of a verb.
- Smoking is bad for you
- I like reading
- Olympic sports such as swimming, weightlifting and fencing.
Students often use the base form of the verb instead, e.g. *"I like read books", though sometimes this processing error produces sentences that actually parse, e.g. "I like dance".
Gerunds are modified by adverbs rather than adjectives, like most nouns. e.g. "running quickly is an advantage for sportspeople."
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