As a Germanic language it is sometimes considered a cousin of English. Much of the grammar for German is generally similar to English, but more complex, e.g. German still has a dative form. German speakers are often able to learn English well.
In German, all nouns are capitalised.
There are a number of cognates between English and German, mostly everyday words. Some particularly obvious true friends exist in family nouns and body parts:
NB: (German first, English translation in brackets):
- Family nouns. Bruder (brother), Vater (father), Großvater (grandfather), Großmutter (grandmother), Mutter (mother), Onkel (uncle), Sohn (son), Schwester (sister), Tante (aunt), Tochter (daughter),
- Body parts: Arm (arm), Brust (breast), Ellenbogen (elbow), Finger (finger), Fuß (foot), Hand (hand), Haar (hair), Knie (knee), Knöchel (ankle), Lippe (lip), Nase (nose), Ohr (ear), Schulter (shoulder)
German Hund, English "hound", meaning dog.