- "ai" /eɪ/: afraid - aid - brain - chain - contain - detail - explain - fail - gain - mail - main - pain - rain - train - wait
- "ay" /eɪ/: always - away - day - delay - display - maybe - okay - pay - pray - play - say - stay - today - way
- "au" /ɔː/: audience - author - autumn - caught - cause - daughter - fault - laundry - naughty - pause - taught
- "aw" /ɔː/: awful - draw - drawer - law - lawyer - raw - withdraw
- "ee" /iː/: agree - between - feel - free - keep - meet - need - see - seem - week
- "ow" /aʊ/: allow - brown - cow - crown - down - flower - how - now - power (also /əʊ/ grow - know - low)
- "oo" /uː/: boot - choose - cool - fool - loose - moon - pool - root - school - soon - tool (also /ʊ/ book - good - foot)
- cake - complete - like - home - cute - include
- "ch" / tʃ/ as in much, child and also /k/ as in chemistry, psychology
- "ng" /ŋ/ as in song, thing
- "ph" /f/ as in phase, graph
- "sh" /ʃ/ as in fish, ship
- "ss" /s/ as in class, essay, princess
- "th" /θ/ as in think, path and also /ð/ as in then, breathe
- "zh" is sometimes used as in Dr. Zhivago. See IPA phoneme /ʒ/.
An IPA digraph is a combination of two IPA phonetic symbols that is regarded as a single phoneme.
The following are the IPA digraphs for English phonemes
- dʒ tʃ aɪ aʊ eə eɪ ɪə ɔɪ əʊ ʊə
If the IPA long-vowel symbol is counted, we can add the following digraphs
- ɑː iː ɔː uː ɜː
IPA phonetic sequence /juː/ is not regarded as a trigraph, but it is analized as /j/ and /uː/.
- Wikipedia, Digraph (orthography)