Determiner

From Teflpedia

A determiner is a word that syntactically functions typically as part of a determined noun phrase to assist with identification of the head of that noun phrase. In English a wide variety of different determiner classes exist. They usually indicate definiteness (or indefiniteness), and often indicate grammatical number. They may be articles, pronouns, adjectives or adverbs, but only specific types of pronouns can be used.

Unfortunately, the grammar for these is rather complex and difficult to understand. However, the good news is that English language learners rarely have massive problems with them.

Classes of Determiners[edit]

There are a number of classes of determiners:

the, a, an

this, that, these, those

my, your, his, her, its, our, their

a few, a little, much, many, a lot of, most, some, any, enough

one, twenty, thirty, etc.

all, both, half, either, every, neither, each

  • Difference words

other, another

Which, what, whose

  • Defining words

which, whose

There are also pre-determiners which go before determiners, such as articles these include: such, what, half, rather and quite.

Alphabetical List (excluding numerals above three)[edit]

From Huddlestone and Pullum [1]

  • a
  • a few
  • a little
  • all
  • another
  • any
  • anybody
  • anyone
  • anything
  • anywhere
  • both
  • certain (also adjective)
  • each
  • either
  • enough
  • every
  • everybody
  • everyone
  • everything
  • everywhere
  • few
  • fewer
  • fewest
  • last (also adjective)
  • least
  • less (also adverb and preposition)
  • little (also adjective)
  • many
  • many a
  • more (also adverb)
  • most (also adverb)
  • much
  • neither
  • next (also adjective)
  • no (particle)
  • no one
  • nobody
  • none
  • nothing
  • nowhere
  • once (numeral adverb)
  • one (also noun and pronoun)
  • said (also verb)
  • several (also adjective)
  • some
  • somebody
  • something
  • somewhere
  • sufficient (also adjective)
  • that
  • the
  • these
  • this
  • those
  • three (also noun)
  • thrice (numeral adverb)
  • twice (numeral adverb)
  • two (also noun)
  • us (also pronoun)
  • various
  • we (also pronoun)
  • what (also pronoun and adjective)
  • whatever
  • which (also pronoun)
  • whichever
  • you (also pronoun)
  • zero (also noun)


References[edit]

  1. CGEL p.374