They can be used independently or dependently. When used dependently they license a following nominal phrase, e.g. "this chair", "these pens". These are dependent demonstratives, known in traditional grammar as "demonstrative adjectives". However, when used independently they act as pronouns, known as in traditional grammar as "demonstrative pronouns".
Pronunciation[edit | edit source]
Students may struggle with the voiced dental fricative /ð/ sound.